Early 1920s: King Amanullah's sister, Kobra, created (Organization for Women's Protection). Her organization encouraged women to voice their complaints, as well as pushed for women unity, and fought against injustices and oppression. Another sister of King Amanullah established a hospital for Afghan women.
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Rape and violence against women and girls was rife. Afghan women were brutalised in the law and in nearly every aspect of their daily life. A woman in Kabul had the end of her thumb cut off for wearing nail varnish, for example, in 1996.
Afghanistan is Failing to Help Abused Women – …
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With billions of dollars being provided by the Obama administration, Afghanistan's army is set to double in numbers from 134,000 to 270,000 over the next two years, enabling the Nato-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to withdraw by 2014. Although women have served in the Afghan army in the past this is the first time that officer training has been available to them – part of a plan to make the number of female soldiers 10 per cent of the total.
BBC News: Neda sits on a threadbare Afghan rug
In a country notorious for the suppression of women, Rezai, 20, is a pioneer. She is one of the first 29 women who are undergoing specialist officer training in the ANA. After a swearing-in ceremony in May the girls began 20 weeks of training in the military basics – uniforms, drill, formation, weapons (although they will not be carrying firearms on a daily basis), first aid and physical training – as well as a specialist trade, either finance or logistics. They are taught by a team of female Afghan instructors under close observation from 10 female American soldiers from 95th Division Institutional Training.
some of the restrictions imposed by Taliban in Afghanistan
Now, women are still routinely discriminated against, abused and persecuted. There is lots to be done before the equality of political rhetoric becomes an everyday reality for women in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan's Web Site: Afghanistan | Afghan
There is a palpable sense of excitement and pride among the recruits, even though their country remains a dangerous place, not least for military personnel. Meanwhile, the road to female emancipation continues to be a rocky one. The situation for women in Afghanistan has improved markedly since the Taliban were toppled from power in 2001, and the recently adopted Afghan constitution states that the 'citizens of Afghanistan – whether a man or woman – have equal rights and duties before the law'. Women have been allowed back to work, are no longer required by law to wear the full burka and have been appointed into prominent government positions. But change is a slow process. In many rural areas the suppression of females continues, with many unable to participate in public life, forced into marriages and denied education. Fear of the Taliban remains.
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But the Taliban and other highly conservative insurgent groups still control some parts of Afghanistan, and violence and discrimination against women and girls continues - all over Afghanistan. In 2011 it was .