The justices could return any person back to the parish of their birthwho was a new arrival at another parish if either they needed poor reliefor if the justices thought they would need poor relief in the future.190There was an exception to this law that allowed workers who were neededto harvest the crops in another locale to travel there with written permissionfrom the justice of the peace and an enforceable promise to return.191
In 1834 the Poor Law Amendment Act was passed by Parliament. This was designed to reduce the cost of looking after the poor as it stopped money going to poor people except in exceptional circumstances. Now if people wanted help they had to go into a workhouse to get it. The poor were given clothes and food in the workhouse in exchange for several hours of manual labour each day. Families were split up inside the workhouse. People had to wear a type of uniform, follow strict rules and were on a bad diet of bread and watery soup. Conditions were made so terrible that only those people who desperately needed help would go there.
The New Poor Law - Peter Higginbotham
The statute contained five strategies for addressing "these evils".First, the local officials, mayors, sheriffs and jus
tices of the peace106 were directed to diligently and regularlysearch their jurisdictions for beggars. When beggars were found the localofficials were directed to determine which beggars should be allowed "tobeg and live of[f] the charity and alms of the people." Only "theaged poor and the impotent" were allowed to beg. Those so certifiedwere to be officially registered and given written authorization, by letterunder seal, both to beg and a designation of "the limit within whichhe is so authorised." If the beggar was found begging in any otherplace besides where authorized, the authorities could "punish suchperson by imprisonment in the stocks the space of two days and two nights,giving them only bread and water."107
Old Poor Law System a Summary of its history
Like other and more famous English institutions, the making and administrationof the English Poor Law was a growth, not a creation.1
Old Poor Law ruled the workers ..
After years of complaint, a new Poor Law was introduced in 1834. The new Poor Law was meant to reduce the cost of looking after the poor and impose a system which would be the same all over the country.
The Poor Law’s impact in Bradworthy | My Adventures …
Shortly after the new Poor Law was introduced, a number of scandals hit the headlines. The most famous was Andover Workhouse, where it was reported that half-starved inmates were found eating the rotting flesh from bones. In response to these scandals the government introduced stricter rules for those who ran the workhouses and they also set up a system of regular inspections. However, inmates were still at the mercy of unscrupulous masters and matrons who treated the poor with contempt and abused the rules.
Poverty and Pauperism: The Impact and Effectiveness of …
Although most people did not have to go to the workhouse, it was always threatening if a worker became unemployed, sick or old. Increasingly, workhouses contained only orphans, the old, the sick and the insane. Not surprisingly the new Poor Law was very unpopular. It seemed to punish people who were poor through no fault of their own.
THE EFFECTS of the NEW POOR LAW (1834) on LIVERPOOL
As long as there were plenty of laborers, there was little need to regulatelaborers or the poor. They remained the responsibility of their lord whohad authority over them. As Professor Christopher Hill noted, helping outhis servants made good sense for the lord: "It was good for his prestige;it was a form of social insurance; and, since he had no doubt whateverthat his surplus came from the labours of his tenants, it was also soundeconomic sense to keep them alive in times of distress."17