Admiral Tôgô returned fire at 6,400 meters (4.0 miles).

But they could only build one, the , and it ended up sinking at the Battle of the Philippine Sea from an explosion that resulted from a submarine torpedo hit and the fumes of poorly refined aviation fuel.

The  of 1905, with its speed, size, and firepower, had made all earlier battleships obsolete.
Photo provided by Flickr

Nevertheless, this was soon held in relative check, as the "better angels" of the Japanese nature were encouraged by the Allied victory in World War I, which evidently meant that democracy and liberal society were good, and successful, things.


The Japanese only lost three torpedo boats.

The benefit for Japan had been to neutralize France and Germany, isolating Russia.
Photo provided by Flickr

What did Carl Vinson, or even James Forrestal, ever say or do, let alone in the heat of battle, to compare in inspiration, or danger, to, "Damn the torpedoes!


So the result was the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922.

This treatment did not list the names of American carriers, but this struck me, where the names of all American can be found here, as a deficiency; and it has now been corrected.

This was a very bad deal for Britain.

The small, slow of World War II (CV-4) was not considered suitable for fleet action in the Pacific, but the later (CVA-61) and the (CVA-64) were among the first original post-World War II carriers, the massive (60,000+ ton) class.

This meant all the contemporaries of the and her sister ships.

Under the light carriers is also some information about the Task Forces at the Battles of the Philippine Sea and Leyte Gulf, and about naming of carriers lost in battle.

Nevertheless, it might not have made much difference in the long run.

Battle Cruisers & Aircraft Carrier NamesOn this page I was originally interested in the way that the names of the aircraft carriers of the United States Navy derived from those of four battle cruisers of the 1916 program -- the and because they were finished as carriers, the and

Instead, they could each use two of them to build aircraft carriers.

While more recent aircraft carriers have come to carry the names of Presidents and (inappropriately) other politicians, for whom no more than destroyers would previously have been used, "Enterprise" will occur again for CVN-80, both under the influence of the of World War II and the nuclear (CVN-65), but probably also because of the starship of the shows and movies, which have helped keep the name in public consciousness.

This was a way to strike a balance with Britain.

I must reflect that I knew Beirut before the Civil War, and that I walked among the ruins of years before some of the best preserved were destroyed by the savage forces of .