Smith, Adam | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

He left academia in 1764 to tutor the young duke of Buccleuch. For more than two years they traveled throughout France and into Switzerland, an experience that brought Smith into contact with his contemporaries Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, , and Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot. With the life pension he had earned in the service of the duke, Smith retired to his birthplace of Kirkcaldy to write It was published in 1776, the same year the American Declaration of Independence was signed and in which his close friend died. In 1778 he was appointed commissioner of customs. In this job he helped enforce laws against smuggling. In he had defended smuggling as a legitimate activity in the face of “unnatural” legislation. Adam Smith never married. He died in Edinburgh on July 19, 1790.

Adam Smith was born in a small village in Kirkcaldy, Scotland, where his widowed mother raised him

What if it's not a matter of life and death, but theft gives me the time to invent new technologies while you're working twice as hard to recover what I stole? (You'd only voluntarily invest in me if you could anticipate a benefit from my innovations.)


Much more is known about Adam Smith’s thought than about his life

Show Summary. At the top of the show, Adam gives a brief background about the off-the-air feud that he and Kevin Smith are currently arguing about, regarding a …

At the same time, Smith had a benign view of self-interest, denying that self-love “was a principle which could never be virtuous in any degree.” Smith argued that life would be tough if our “affections, which, by the very nature of our being, ought frequently to influence our conduct, could upon no occasion appear virtuous, or deserve esteem and commendation from anybody.”


Adam Smith (1723—1790) - Internet Encyclopedia of …

Smith’s writings are both an inquiry into the science of economics and a policy guide for realizing the wealth of nations. Smith believed that economic development was best fostered in an environment of free that operated in accordance with universal “natural laws.” Because Smith’s was the most systematic and comprehensive study of economics up until that time, his economic thinking became the basis for classical economics. And because more of his ideas have lasted than those of any other economist, some regard Adam Smith as the alpha and the omega of economic science.

Adam Smith: A Theory of Moral Capitalism

The next stage in thinking about opportunity cost and "comparative advantage" beyond Smith and Ricard is Bohm-Bawerk and Hayek (who was a student of Wieser, who invented the notion of "opportunity cost"). It is only this next stage which truly takes into consideration production goods and economics coordination across time.

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Some of Smith’s ideas are testimony to his breadth of imagination. Today, vouchers and school choice programs are touted as the latest reform in public . But Adam Smith addressed the issue more than two hundred years ago:

Carrie Murawski - Interdisciplinary Program in

Great podcast: it provides a fuller image on the mechanisms and benefits of trade, and how trade is always good, even when comparative advantage does not apply. It also adds time to the mechanisms by which the advantages of trade are realized (Richardian comparative advantage is a point-in-time phenomenon, while Smithian economies of scale is a process).