Prison Writings in 20th Century America [H

The miracle of lean organizations is the achievement of both economic efficiency and social intimacy. This can truly be labeled “the high performing organization” because it not only serves the needs of customers but also the needs of the people within the organization. It achieves not only business performance, but it enables the realization of human potential. It is not only a technical system, but a social system.

Social Movements of the 20th Century

Jim Womack’s (founder of ) recent book, Gemba Walks, contains a number of interesting and helpful short essays. These are Womack’s more recent meditations on the implementation of lean management. One of the more interesting, in my view, is his essay on Modern Management vs. Lean Management in which he contrasts the system of management build by Sloan at GM and lean management as it was built at Toyota.

Myth Of The 20th Century - Social Matter

Welcome to the Myth of the 20th Century

This pioneering book, first published in 1987, launched the new field of social studies of technology. It introduced a method of inquiry--social construction of technology, or SCOT--that became a key part of the wider discipline of science and technology studies. The book helped the MIT Press shape its STS list and inspired the Inside Technology series. The thirteen essays in the book tell stories about such varied technologies as thirteenth-century galleys, eighteenth-century cooking stoves, and twentieth-century missile systems. Taken together, they affirm the fruitfulness of an approach to the study of technology that gives equal weight to technical, social, economic, and political questions, and they demonstrate the illuminating effects of the integration of empirics and theory. The approaches in this volume--collectively called SCOT (after the volume’s title) have since broadened their scope, and twenty-five years after the publication of this book, it is difficult to think of a technology that has not been studied from a SCOT perspective and impossible to think of a technology that cannot be studied that way.

Getting the most out of your classroom space

Those of you who have participated in one of my seminars have no doubt heard me discuss the idea of sociobiology, that there are not only physical, but behavioral characteristics that are genetically passed on because of their contribution to our survival. For most of human history, beginning on the Serengeti Plains of Africa where we hunted antelope in small tribal groups, human beings have worked in family units. The family farm and the small craft shop structure are only the more recent examples of work systems where there was high social intimacy, high interdependence, and high trust.

1900s Britain Social Classes by English 1020 on Prezi

Modern management at General Motors created a social class system, a disunity or social strata, and that disunity was the ultimate cause of collapse, as it has been in every civilization.

Transcript of 1900s Britain Social Classes

Lean management systems are becoming the twenty-first century standard. Many years ago one of the first books I read on management was Peter Drucker’s The Practice of Management. In it Drucker defined and extolled the virtues of the management profession and gave credit to Alfred Sloan the longtime CEO of General Motors for developing the model of professional management in much the same way we speak of Toyota today. The system that Alfred Sloan created at GM was built on the theory of management as a distinct profession, separate from engineering and other specialties.

The Underclass Working Class The Upper Class The underclass ..

“classical,” or 18th-19th century liberalism
the twentieth century as the crisis of liberalism

definition: the good of the individual is the highest good in society.
consequence: social and political arrangements should be made to promote that good and be judged by their ability to do so.
underlying assumption: an optimistic belief in the power of human reason to understand the world and promote individual flourishing and social progress.

policy consequences:
1. for politics: limited government (civil liberties, constitutions, parliamentary government)
2. for economics: laissez-faire capitalism (free, self-regulating market)
3. for society and culture: belief in education and the public sphere (press, voluntary associations)
4. for knowledge: modern science as a progressive force