Interest in these children arose in North America around the time of the great encephalitis epidemics of 1917-1918. Children surviving these brain infections had many behavioral problems similar to those comprising contemporary ADHD (Ebaugh, 1923; Hohman, 1922; Stryker, 1925). These cases and others known to have arisen from birth trauma, head injury, toxin exposure, and infections (see Barkley, 2006) gave rise to the concept of a brain-injured child syndrome (Strauss & Lehtinen, 1947), often associated with mental retardation, that would eventually become applied to children manifesting these same behavior features but without evidence of brain damage or retardation (Dolphin & Cruickshank, 1951; Strauss & Kephardt, 1955). This concept evolved into that of minimal brain damage, and eventually minimal brain dysfunction (MBD), as challenges were raised to the original label in view of the dearth of evidence of obvious brain injury in most cases (see Kessler, 1980, for a more detailed history of MBD).
Baer, J. & Maschi, T. (2003, April). Random acts of delinquency: Trauma and self-destructiveness in juvenile offenders. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 20(2), 85–98.
This article provides an explanatory model of the way in which trauma leads to serious delinquency. Using perspectives from information processing, social learning, and self-regulation theories, we present evidence to suggest that adolescents whose lives were shaped by trauma perceive and encode social cues differently than non-traumatized individuals. A number of assessment tools and therapeutic interventions are recommended, followed by suggestions for advocating on the behalf of adolescents incarcerated in the juvenile justice system.
Adolescents’ Psychological Well-being | Bullying | Self Esteem
Society may view medication treatment of ADHD children as anathema largely as a result of a misunderstanding of both the nature of ADHD specifically and the nature of self-control more generally. In both instances, many in society wrongly believe the causes of both ADHD and poor self-control to be chiefly social in nature, with poor upbringing and child management by the parents of the poorly self-controlled child seen as the most likely culprit. The present model states that not only is this view of ADHD incorrect but so is this view of self-regulation. And this model also implies that using stimulant medication to help to temporarily improve or alleviate the underlying neuropsychological dysfunction is a commendable, ethically and professionally responsible, and humane way of proceeding with treatment for those with ADHD.
Why Religion Matters Even More: The Impact of …
In school research studies, teacher’s report an increasing number of problems – such as somatic complaints, anxiety, depressed behavior, social problems, attention problems, and delinquent and aggressive behavior – in grade school children. The incidences of these behaviors correlate with the children’s serum lead levels. An interesting finding was that abused children are 27-fold more likely to have high serum lead levels. Bone lead levels are related to self-reports of delinquent acts. Families who live in houses built before 1978 have higher lead exposures, but those living in homes built before 1940 have a significant higher risk of lead exposure.
Integrating Theology & Psychology | "For as he thinks …
Self-Determining Adult: A person over 18 who acts as the principal decision-maker in his/her own life, especially around choices regarding lifestyle, occupation, and social interaction.
NICOLAS KILSDONK-GERVAIS | Blogging about evolution.
Significant modifications were made to dissociative identity disorder in the DSM-5. The Criterion A focus on two or more distinct personality states being manifest in the client is retained from the DSM-IV-TR. However, the DSM-5 replaces the phrase “each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self” with the phrase “which may be described in some cultures as an experience of possession.” Also new to the diagnostic criteria is identity disruption in the individual, which is evidenced by discontinuity in sense of agency and alterations in sensory-motor functioning, affect, behavior, consciousness, memory, perception, or cognition. This new Criterion A contains elements from the DSM-IV-TR’s Criterion B and Criterion C descriptions. Symptoms of identity disruption may be reported by the client or observed by the clinician.
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4) : Includes aggressive, reckless, or self-destructive behavior, sleep disturbances, hypervigilance, or related problems. This criterion emphasizes the “flight” aspect associated with PTSD and also accounts for the “fight” reaction often seen in PTSD. Added new criteria includes: