Consensual Sexual Relations Between Adults of Same Sex.
Homosexual sodomy carries the death penalty for the passive party under Article 224 of the Islamic Penal Code. The active party can only be punished by death if he is married and forced the sexual act. A non-Muslim active party in homosexual sodomy is also subject to the death penalty under Article 224 of the Islamic Penal Code. Lesbianism is punishable by death if the offender is sentenced and received a lashing on three previous occasions for the same crime.
In 1990, the U.S. General Accounting Office reported to the Congress the results of its review of empirical studies on racism and the death penalty. : "Our synthesis of the 28 studies shows a pattern of evidence indicating racial disparities in the charging, sentencing, and imposition of the death penalty after the Furman decision" and that "race of victim influence was found at all stages of the criminal justice system process..."
Death penalty is not advocated for all criminals.
In fact, the highest murder rates in thecountry are in the four states that have carried 70% of the post-Furmanexecutions, all of which have now achieved murder rates much higher thanthe national average of 8.4 (Georgia, 11.7; Florida, 11.4; Louisiana, 11.6;and Texas, 12.1) (Compare these to states with no executions since Furman:Vermont 2.0; Maine, 3.1; Massachusetts, 3.5; Rhode Island, 4.1; Wisconsin,3.0; Iowa, 1.7; Minnesota, 2.9; North Dakota, 1.8.) In fact, 36.9% of thestates with capital punishment have murder rates in excess of the nationalaverage, while 90.9% of the states without a death penalty have murderrates lower than the national average.
There is no evidence that the death penalty deters crime
Our nation's death rows have always held a disproportionately large population of African Americans, relative to their percentage of the total population. Comparing black and white offenders over the past century, the former were often executed for what were considered less-than-capital offenses for whites, such as rape and burglary. (Between 1930 and 1976, 455 men were executed for rape, of whom 405 – 90 percent – were black.) A higher percentage of the blacks who were executed were juveniles; and the rate of execution without having one's conviction reviewed by any higher court was higher for blacks. (Bowers, Legal Homicide 1984; Streib, Death Penalty for Juveniles 1987)
About Us | National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty
The demonstrated inequities in the actual administration of capital punishment should tip the balance against it in the judgment of fair-minded and impartial observers. "Whatever else might be said for the use of death as a punishment, one lesson is clear from experience: this is a power that we cannot exercise fairly and without discrimination."(Gross and Mauro, Death and Discrimination 1989)
Oregonians for Alternatives to the Death Penalty
Death penalty opponents, who call themselves abolitionists, then protest the use of these untried drugs that just might cause a condemned killer to feel pain as he dies.
The High Cost of the Death Penalty
Justice John Marshall Harlan, writing for the Court in Furman, noted "… the history of capital punishment for homicides … reveals continual efforts, uniformly unsuccessful, to identify before the fact those homicides for which the slayer should die…. Those who have come to grips with the hard task of actually attempting to draft means of channeling capital sentencing discretion have confirmed the lesson taught by history…. To identify before the fact those characteristics of criminal homicides and their perpetrators which call for the death penalty, and to express these characteristics in language which can be fairly understood and applied by the sentencing authority, appear to be tasks which are beyond present human ability." (402 U.S. 183 (1971))