Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso (; ; 25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973), was a Spanish painter, sculptor, , , , poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. As one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the movement, the invention of , the co-invention of , and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the (1907), and (1937), a portrayal of the by the German and Italian airforces at the behest of the during the .
From 1901 to 1903 Picasso initiated his first truly original style,which is known as the blue period. Restricting his color scheme toblue, Picasso depicted emaciated and forlorn figures whose bodylanguage and clothing bespeak the lowliness of their social status. InThe Old Guitarist (1903), Picassoemphasized the guitarist's poverty and position as a social outcast,which he reinforced by surrounding the figure with a black outline, asif to cut him off from his environment.
Pablo Picasso – 49 Interesting Facts About His Life And Art
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History Painting: Definition, Characteristics, Types
When Pablo Picasso, leaving aside painting for a moment, was constructing this immense guitar out of sheet metal whose plans could be dispatched to any ignoramus in the universe who could put it together as well as him, I saw Picasso’s studio, and this studio, more incredible than Faust’s laboratory, this studio which, according to some, contained no works of art, in the old sense, was furnished with the newest of objects… Some witnesses, already shocked by the things that they saw covering the walls, and that they refused to call paintings because they were made of oilcloth, wrapping paper, and newspaper, said, pointing a haughty finger at the object of Picasso’s clever pains: “What is it?