The crisis of 1923 led to ordinary Germans supporting more extreme parties such as the Nazis, which only began in 1919 as a small political group. The Nazis appeared to offer a better future and something for everyone which gave them widespread appeal.
Nazi Germany made increasingly aggressive territorial demands, threatening war if they were not met. It seized and in 1938 and 1939. Hitler made with and in September 1939, launching World War II in Europe. In alliance with Italy and smaller , Germany conquered most of Europe by 1940 and threatened Great Britain. took control of conquered areas, and a was established in what was left of Poland. Jews and others deemed undesirable were imprisoned and murdered in and . The implementation of the regime's racial policies culminated in the mass murder of Jews and other minorities in the Holocaust. Following the of the in 1941, the tide turned against the Third Reich, and it suffered major military defeats in 1943. Large-scale bombing of Germany escalated in 1944, and the Nazis retreated from Eastern and Southern Europe. Following the , Germany was conquered by the Soviets from the east and the from the west and surrendered within a year. Hitler's refusal to admit defeat led to massive destruction of German infrastructure and additional war-related deaths in the closing months of the war. The victorious Allies initiated a policy of and put many of the surviving Nazi leadership on trial for war crimes at the .
The Nazis 1919-29 - World history
Hitler was appointed by the President of the on 30 January 1933. The Nazi Party then began to eliminate all political opposition and consolidate its power. Hindenburg died on 2 August 1934, and Hitler became dictator of Germany by merging the powers and offices of the Chancellery and Presidency. A national confirmed Hitler as sole (leader) of Germany. All power was centralised in Hitler's hands, and his word became above all laws. The government was not a coordinated, co-operating body, but a collection of factions struggling for power and Hitler's favour. In the midst of the , the Nazis restored economic stability and ended mass unemployment using heavy military spending and a . Extensive public works were undertaken, including the construction of (high speed highways). The return to economic stability boosted the regime's popularity.