"Euthanasia is commonly defined as the act of bringingabout the death of a hopelessly ill and suffering person in arelatively quick and painless way for reasons of mercy. In thisreport, the term euthanasia will signify the medical administrationof a lethal agent to a patient for the purpose of relieving thepatient's intolerable and incurable suffering." (p. 2230)
Other sourceshave defined euthanasia variously: "The act or practice ofpainlessly putting to death persons suffering from incurable conditionsof diseases." (Wolhandler, 1984, p. 363), ". . . torefuse unwanted medical treatment or to have ongoing care withdrawneven though the patient will die if treatment is terminated."(Adams, et. al., 1992, p. 2021). Euthanasia is a general termthat can actually mean a variety of different things dependingupon the context in which it is used. For this reason, a numberof supporting terms have become the convention when discussingeuthanasia. These terms help to narrow the subject matter anddistinguish between different types of euthanasia.
Some journalists havedeplored the use of anonymous sources as a threat to the independence, accuracyand credibility of the news. Benjamin Bradlee, the former executive editor ofThe Washington Post, said, “Why, then, do we go along so complacently withwithholding the identity of public officials? I’m damned if I know. I do knowthat by doing so, we shamelessly do other people’s bidding: We knowingly letourselves be used. . . . In short, we demean our profession.”
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If this situation occurs, always seek advice from your manager, Olin’s Chief Ethics and Compliance Officer or another resource named in this Code as to which standard to follow.
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3.2. Be critical in the choice of sources, and make sure that the information provided is correct. It is good press practice to aim for diversity and relevance in the choice of sources. If anonymous sources are used, or the publication is offered exclusivity, especially stringent requirements must be imposed on the critical evaluation of the sources. Particular caution should be exercised when dealing with information from anonymous sources, information from sources offering exclusivity, and information provided from sources in return for payment.
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The Seattle Timesmade effective use of anonymous sources when it published a story saying BrockAdams, then a U.S. senator, had sexually harassed several women over a periodof 20 years. The investigation began after Kari Tupper, a congressional aide,publicly accused Adams of having drugged and molested her. Although Tupper tookher story to prosecutors, no charges were brought because the federal districtattorney concluded the case had no merit. The Times, however, started gettingphone calls from women who reported similar experiences with Adams but did notwant to be publicly identified. Eventually, the Times agreed to publish a storydetailing the charges without identifying the women so long as the accuserssigned affidavits and promised to come forward if Adams sued the Times forlibel. Adams abandoned his re-election campaign but denied the sexualharassment charges.
Code of Ethics for Bloggers, Social Media and Content Creators
8. Be critical of your sources and seek independent verification. Even if you are ethical and unbiased there is no guarantee your sources are. Before presenting information as fact, always check your source’s credibility and seek independent verification of these facts. If none can be found, state so clearly.