"The scientific revolution was more radical and innovative than any of the political revolutions of the seventeenth century."1 All of the advances that were made during this revolutionary time can be attributed to the founders of the Scientific Revolution....
Locke and Descartes both pursue a method in epistemology that bringswith it the epistemological problem of objectivity. Both examine ourknowledge by way of examining the ideas we encounter directly in ourconsciousness. This method comes to be called “the way ofideas”. Though neither for Locke nor for Descartes doall of our ideas represent their objects by way ofresembling them (e.g., our idea of God does not represent Godby virtue of resembling God), our alleged knowledge of our environmentthrough the senses does depend largely on ideas that allegedlyresemble external material objects. The way of ideas implies theepistemological problem of how we can know that these ideas do in factresemble their objects. How can we be sure that these objects do notappear one way before the mind and exist in another way (or not atall) in reality outside the mind? George Berkeley, an empiricistphilosopher influenced by John Locke, avoids the problem by assertingthe metaphysics of idealism: the (apparently material) objects ofperception are nothing but ideas before the mind. However,Berkeley’s idealism is less influential in, and characteristicof, the Enlightenment, than the opposing positions of materialism andCartesian dualism. Thomas Reid, a prominent member of the ScottishEnlightenment, attacks the way of ideas and argues that the immediateobjects of our (sense) perception are the common (material) objects inour environment, not ideas in our mind. Reid mounts his defense ofnaïve realism as a defense of common sense over against thedoctrines of the philosophers. The defense of common sense, and therelated idea that the results of philosophy ought to be of use tocommon people, are characteristic ideas of the Enlightenment,particularly pronounced in the Scottish Enlightenment.
What enlightenment ideas influenced the french …
Although scholars such as Jeremy Popkin point to more concrete political issues as grounds for the upheaval, supporters of the Revolution rallied around more abstract concepts of freedom and equality, such as resistance to the King’s totalitarian authority as well as the economic and legal privileges given to the nobility and clergy.
The Influence of the Enlightenment on the French Revolution
First, the notable revolution before-hand, the Reformation, illustrated that it’s not peculiar to question popular opinion, sometimes it’s even welcoming to do so.
The Enlightenment - French Revolution
He thought that the French should have been more cautious when they implemented the changes. Burke, condemned them as presumptuous doctrinaires who misunderstood the true nature of political institutions and were sowing the seeds of anarchy and destruction. It was from this point of view that he criticized the Enlightenment and its influence in his Reflections on the Revolution in France.
The French Enlightenment thinkers, ..
Research into this spread of scientific thinking, which would eventually come to influence ideas about such wildly disparate fields of human endeavor as physics, religion, and governmental theory, shows that Francis Bacon played a major role in encouraging the growth of the Scientific Revolution....
Were the ideals of the French Revolution lost during Napoleon’s reign
Paine, argued that the needs and desires of the living should prevail regardless of tradition, that the people were perpetually sovereign, and that government was for the purpose of implementing man's inalienable rights. He in essence accepted the Enlightenment philosophy and applauded its influence during the French Revolution.