Egyptian Book of the Dead - Ancient History Encyclopedia

Spells or enchantments vary in distinctive ways between the texts of differing "mummies" or sarcophagi, depending on the prominence and other class factors of the deceased.

Books of the Dead were usually illustrated with pictures showing the tests to which the deceased would be subjected.

20/02/2018 · THE BOOK OF THE DEAD The Papyrus of Ani by E. A. WALLIS BUDGE [1895]

2600 BC-2300 BC), both of which were eventually superseded by the Book of the Dead.

The text was often individualized for the deceased person - so no two copies contain the same text - however, "book" versions are generally categorized into four main divisions – the Heliopolitan version, which was edited by the priests of the college of Annu (used from the 5th to the 11th dynasty and on walls of tombs until about 200); the Theban version, which contained hieroglyphics only (20th to the 28th dynasty); a hieroglyphic and hieratic character version, closely related to the Theban version, which had no fixed order of chapters (used mainly in the 20th dynasty); and the Saite version which has strict order (used after the 26th dynasty).

It is notable, that the Book of the Dead for Scribe Ani, the , was originally 78 Ft, and was separated into 37 sheets at appropriate chapter and topical divisions.

Egyptian Book of the Dead - Crystalinks

The walls of the earlier Egyptian tombs resemble, in effect, an illustrated book of the manners and customs of the population.

Wallis Budge

The is the common name for the ancient Egyptian funerary texts known as The Book of Coming [or Going] Forth By Day.