Superior English gunnery prevented the Armada from linking up with its land forces but it was the weather and lack of supplies that defeated it.
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Battered by storms and suffering from a dire lack of supplies, the Armada sailed on a hard journey back to Spain around Scotland and Ireland. Some of the damaged ships foundered in the sea while others were driven onto the coast of Ireland and wrecked. By the time the last of the surviving fleet reached Spain in October, half of the original Armada was lost and some 15,000 men had perished.
Parker, martin The Spanish Armada, p225
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Most importantly of all, Spanish logistics were insufficient. Not enough food or water was supplied and some of it was begin to spoil by the time the great Armada set sail from Corunna. Many sailors got sick and supplies were perilously low by the time they reached English waters.
The Spanish Armada Of 1588 : Queen Elizabeth and Philip II
Queen Elizabeth had heard mutterings of the intended invasion of England by Spain for some time. She was not, however, at first concerned about the rumours. She had heard such rumours for almost 30 years, and easily dismissed them. Her Councillors were not so dismissive. It eventually became clear to Elizabeth, however, that this time, the Spanish were really going to send an armada against England. Although the Queen had spent considerable amounts of money funding the Netherlands campaign, she now employed all her efforts in raising funds to ensure that when the Spanish Armada came, England would be prepared.
The Spanish Armada - Britain Express
In May 1588, King Philip II dispatched the 130-ship Spanish Armada on a mission to guide an invasion force to the coast of England and topple the regime of Queen Elizabeth I. This “Great and Most Fortunate Navy” was one of the mightiest fleets ever assembled, but a combination of poor tactics, robust English resistance and dismal weather ultimately doomed it to failure. By the time Philip’s “Invincible Armada” finally limped back to Spain later that autumn, at least a third of its ships were lost and some 15,000 sailors had been killed. Below, explore eight surprising facts about one of the most ambitious—and disastrous—campaigns in military history.
The Spanish Armada Flashcards | Quizlet
For the English people of the time, the defeat of the Armada was a wonderful victory. Petruccio Ubaldini (1590), an Italian living in England, claimed that God had defeated the Armada to save Protestantism. He wrote it for Lord Howard of Effingham, the Admiral in charge of the English fleet, so you can guess why it was biased.
How was the Spanish Armada defeated in 1588? | eNotes
He always stresses their positive traits and makes excusesfor actions other historians have condemned — whether Henry of Navarre'sfailure to follow up Coutras, Drake's eye for a bit of loot, Elizabeth'sinsistence on keeping the English fleet in port during the winter of1587/88, or Medina Sidonia's reluctance to take command of the Armada.