Portsmouth and Richmond featured new crowd favorites, colored transparencies of patriotic scenes projected against buildings with the aid of gas lamps. Boston filled its streets with the choreographed peals of church bells. As the festivities spread through the nation, a special committee in Baltimore sent congratulations to their beleaguered president. Mr. Madison responded by thanking Baltimore for its "devotion to the public cause."
On the Atlantic front, ’s Lieutenant-Governor, Sir , led a force from into Maine, capturing Castine on 1 September 1814. By the middle of September, British forces held much of the Maine coast, which was returned to the US only with the signing of the peace treaty in December 1814. The most formidable effort by the British in 1814 was the invasion of northern New York, in which Governor led 11,000 British veterans of the Napoleonic Wars to on . However, Prevost was hesitant to attack — he was no — and the defeat of the British fleet in Plattsburgh Bay by the American commodore, Thomas Macdonough, on 11 September led Prevost to withdraw his troops.
The Causes of the War of 1812 (1962).
John Stricker’s career during the War of 1812 swung between two extremes. Within days of the declaration of war against the British, there was a riot in Baltimore that highlighted the dangerous division among Americans on the issue of going to war. General Stricker was then in command of the local militia charged with intervening and preventing bloodshed. Sympathizing with the rioters, the general dragged his feet before calling out the militia. The result was a night of mayhem and death that tarnished the whole town’s reputation.
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To make matters worse, Madison had an ineffective secretary of state in Marylander Robert Smith (1757–1842). When the president replaced Smith with James Monroe (1758–1831), relations with Great Britain continued to worsen. In mid-1811, another incident at sea had British newspapers calling for revenge for "the blood of our murdered countrymen.” The 44-gun U.S. frigate President, commanded by Marylander John Rodgers, had fired at night on the smaller H.M. sloop-of-war Little Belt, leaving behind thirty-two casualties.
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Commodore Rodgers was senior naval officer on active duty when war broke out with the British in 1812. After a bloody engagement on the high seas, Rodgers won more fame on land in 1814. Taking charge of the naval aspects of Baltimore’s defense, he commanded one of the key bastions along the well-prepared mile long defenses centered on Hampstead Hill (now Patterson Park). With his illustrious fighting years behind him, John Rodgers served for decades as the head of the newly created U.S. Board of Navy Commissioners.
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The Commodore’s family became a U.S. Navy dynasty as his son commanded ironclads during the Civil War; his grandson was an admiral in World War I and his great grandson a naval aviator. Sion Hill, the Federal-style home still privately owned by descendants of the Rodgers family, stands on a hill overlooking the Chesapeake Bay.
Rodgers fought in:
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He practiced successfully in Baltimore before the War of 1812. Winder was sent to the Niagara frontier as an army colonel then promoted to brigadier general. In his first combat in 1813, he was captured during the night battle at Stoney Creek and spent most of a year as a prisoner of war. When exchanged in 1814, Winder was placed in charge of the 10th U.S. Military District defenses, which included Maryland and Washington.