Complete social changes followed the bubonic plague.

Galen coined the word ‘’ to describe a quickly spreading fatal disease. He had lived through the Antonine Plague - one of the great epidemics of the ancient world. The that devastated Europe in the 1340s was just that and more, the most deadly in recorded history. As a recovering Europe enjoyed the cultural Renaissance of the following century, the ancient texts were rediscovered and newer texts from the Islamic world became accessible. But the older texts were not simply revered, they were also questioned.

However not too many people are familiar with the widespread fatality the bubonic plague caused.

18 October 2017 - Samples from patients in Seychelles suspected to be ill with pneumonic plague tested negative at a WHO partner laboratory in Paris, France on Tuesday, 17 October 2017.

WHO is working with the Seychelles health authorities to reduce the risk of plague spreading from neighbouring Madagascar, which faces an unprecedented outbreak that has killed more than 70 people since August. No plague cases have been confirmed in the Seychelles.

the bubonic plague killed approximately 37,685,229 people.

Bubonic plague causes swollen lymph nodes, called buboes.

27 November 2017 – An unprecedented outbreak of pneumonic plague that started in August in Madagascar and killed more than 200 people is declining – but WHO cautions that the response must be sustained.

Measures taken to contain the outbreak have been effective, but more infections of both bubonic and pneumonic plague are expected until the end of the plague season in April 2018.


The best known form is the bubonic plague and it is named after buboes, or enlarged, inflamed lymph nodes, which are characteristics of the plague in the groin or neck or armpit.