Short history of English literature - …

Foremost in the ranks of historical works are Juvaini's Tarikh-e Jahan Gusha, an account of the Mongol conquests; the history of Juzjani, an important source book for the history of Moslem India; Rashid ud-Din's great Jame ot-Tawarikh or Universal History, and the History of Vassaf.

Inthe history of religion and literature, this period is referred to as thebhakti period.

This legend is one of the reasons- one of the excuses- forconnecting up the Tamil civilization with some prehistoric ancientcivilizations, whose identity and continuity poses special problems.

The records of the Indus Valley Civilization have not been satisfactorilydeciphered.

A brief history of English literature

The Dravidian Hypothesis about the people of the Indus valleyCivilization.

The Tamils have legends that their ancient history extends up to about tenthousand years, sea swallowing up their lands twice and kings establishingnew capitals and fostering Tamil in three successive academies.

A Brief History Of Yoga: From Ancient Hindu Scriptures …

Famous prose works include Ghazali's influential Revivification of the Religious Sciences in Arabic and its Persian summary entitled Kimiya-ye Sa'adat (The Alchemy of Happiness); Baihaqi's History of the Ghaznavids: the Siasat Nameh, a treatise on the art of government by Nizam ul-Mulk, vizier to Alp Arslan and Malik Shah; the entertaining Qabus Nameh of Kai Kawous, translated by Professor Levy as "A Mirror for Princes"; the collection of animal fables of Indian origin entitled Kalila va Dimna by Nasr Ullah; the charming Chahar Maqala or Four Discourses of Nizami Aruzi; the Fars Nameh of Ibn al-Balkhi, and the noted treatise on poetics of Rashid-i Vatvat.

A brief history of LIMS - ScienceDirect

Early Literature
Though existing fragments of Persian verse are believed to date from as early as the eighth century CE, the history of Persian literature proper begins with the lesser dynasties of the ninth and tenth centuries that emerged with the decline of the Caliphate.


In the 19th century the history of Scotland merged into the history of Britain.In the early 19th century the Highland clearances continued. Many Highlanders were forced to emigrate. Meanwhile further south Scotland's industries boomed. Coal and iron industries flourished. So did ship building. Scottish cities continued to grow rapidly.However housing conditions in the new industrial towns were often appalling. Disease and overcrowding were common. Still in the late 19th century conditions improved and living standards rose. Furthermore at the end of the 19th century Scottish workers began to form powerful trade unions.Meanwhile in the mid-19th century railways were built across Scotland. In 1842 a railway was built from Glasgow to Edinburgh.

A Brief History of Persian Literature

In the following brief sketch of the vast field of Persian literature we cannot hope to do more than mention a few of the most eminent authors, and to devote a paragraph or two each to the most famous of all.