Ancient Middle East | historical region, Asia | …

In the ancient Middle East, many great civilizations rose and fell. The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam each trace their origins back to this part of the world.

Ancient Middle East - Q-files Encyclopedia

Ancient Egypt also enjoyed far greater political stability than Mesopotamia. The Egyptian state that formed ca. 3000 BC lasted for some two millennia, with only two (relatively brief) interruptions. An important factor in Egyptian stability was the regularity of the Nile, which flooded at the same time every year; the rivers of Mesopotamia, on the other hand, were unpredictable and subject to disastrous surprise floods, which destroyed crops and homes. Another factor was geographic isolation: while Mesopotamia was highly exposed to invaders, ancient Egypt was protected by mountains (which rise above both sides of the Nile River Valley) and the Sahara Desert.

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Map of the Ancient Near East

The excavations inspired The Nineveh Court at the 1851 World’s Fair in London and a style of decorative art and architecture called Assyrian Revival. Ancient Near Eastern art remains popular today; in 2007 a 2.25 inch high, early 3rd millennium limestone sculpture, the Guennol Lioness, was sold for 57.2 million dollars, the second most expensive piece of sculpture sold at that time.

Ancient Mesopotamia - The History of Israel

One term sometimes applied to part of this area is “Fertile Crescent,” which was coined by James Henry Breasted in 1914 to refer to the arc of fertile agricultural zones that formed the basis for early civilizations, in what is now Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. Scholars studying the ancient past usually use the term “Near East” for this area.

Alfa img - Showing Middle East Ancient Tarshish

East of the Levant and south of the Taurus Mountains is the area defined by the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers that has sometimes been called Mesopotamia (the “land between the rivers”), now encompassing eastern Syria, Iraq, and a small area of southwestern Iran. In many ways, what we call Mesopotamian civilization is a series of diverse languages and cultures bound together by a common script and written tradition. Ancient languages in the area included Sumerian, Akkadian, Amorite, Babylonian, Assyrian, and Aramaic.

The birth of civilization has been traced to southern Mesopotamia ..

Because they were constantly interacting through war and trade, the societies in the Middle East borrowed from each other. They modified newly acquired ideas and technologies to suit their own needs. Often, these changes were improvements. Over time, many aspects of various societies throughout the ancient Middle East began to resemble each other.

Remembering the Romans in the Middle East and …

Throughout Essential Humanities, the term Central Asia denotes all of the -stan nations except Pakistan (which is grouped with South Asia). One key region of Central Asia is northern Kazakhstan, whose climate is relatively wet (compared with most of the Middle East), giving rise to vast plains of wet grassland. Indeed, northern Kazakhstan forms part of the vast Eurasian Steppe, whose endless grassland set the region on a unique historical path (see ).