The Age of Exploration - ELIZABETHAN ERA

Columbus assumed he had found the Indies. It took him and his fellow Europeans a while to understand that he had, in fact, come across two previously unknown continents: North and South America. Even then they assumed that the land mass must be narrow enough to provide easy passage to China. So while Columbus established a colony on Hispaniola (present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic), navigated the coast of Cuba, and touched the tip of South America, another Italian, John Cabot (Zuan Chabotto), set off from England. Cabot went in search of the so-called Northwest Passage to China, hoping to connect Bristol to that region's spice trade. Like Columbus, he failed. (He did, however, discover Newfoundland.) Not until Vasco da Gama sailed around the southern tip of Africa and arrived near Calicut, India, in 1498, did Europeans navigate by sea to the actual Indies—a place, as it happens, where their trade goods were of only mediocre value.

Europeans had also reached a level of technology that made the voyages possible.

These three motives are sometimes referred to as “God, glory, and gold.” Not only did Europeans of the fifteenth century have motives for exploration, but they also had the means that they had not had before.

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Wolfe, Brendan.

Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer who was financed by the king of Spain, sailed around the tip of South America and crossed the Pacific Ocean to the Philippine Islands.

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Johannes Gutenberg's printing press, invented about 1450, made possible the kind of publicity that became a driving force in the Age of Exploration. In 1503, for instance, printers in Venice, Paris, and Antwerp all published , a Latin pamphlet that served as a highly exaggerated, some have argued even fictionalized, version of several genuine letters written by Amerigo Vespucci after his voyages to the New World. Within just a few years, the popularity of Mundus novus led to at least one profound consequence: in 1507 the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller published Universalis Cosmographia, the first world map to use the name "America."

The Age of Exploration created an explosion of oportunity in Europe.

In the year 2310, Caspian married the of . In the year 2325 their son was born. In the year 2345, the Queen was killed by a and Rilian disappeared to find and destroy it, who was later taken and imprisoned for ten years in by the serpent. For the rest of his life, Caspian was depressed at the loss of both his wife and son, until he sailed away in the year 2356 to meet on the Seven Isles' capital of . Shortly after, however, Rilian returned to Narnia to take the throne. The age ended at the death of Caspian X and Rilian's coronation, in the year 2356, thus beginning the .

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This age began in 2303, at the end of the with Caspian X's coronation and the end of the . began to be rebuilt, and the resumed to be Narnia's capital, until Cair Paravel had met its completion. When it was complete, the Castle of Caspian was used as an inter-special meeting facility. During this era, Caspian's first quest was to start over Narnia's relationship with by having a meeting with King of the castle . Next he, along with a small army of his followers. traveled to to negotiate with the Telmarine government to ally itself with Narnia and Archenland, since after all he was a direct descendant of . In 2304, he led an army against the of , and made the east side of the nation a part of the for the first time since it had claimed independence in the . Since he had ceased Telmar's alliance with , Calormen attempted to invade the nations, but was defeated by the combined army in the . His greatest expedition occurred in the years 2306 to 2307, where he left Narnia to explore the aboard the . During this journey, Caspian also discovered many islands and the , and either added or re-introduced them to the empire. He also discovered and named the , , and the .

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In the meantime, exploration continued. Amerigo Vespucci sailed down the coast of South America in 1499, and in 1500, the Portuguese mariner Pedro Alvares Cabral, looking to follow Vasco da Gama's lead and navigate around Africa, instead was blown west and into Brazil. He claimed it for Portugal. Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese captain sailing for Spain, led a crew that circumnavigated the globe in a voyage that lasted from 1519 until 1522. As Columbus did with the Atlantic, Magellan showed the way across the Pacific Ocean before being killed in the island group now known as the Philippines. By the 1570s the Spanish had claimed these islands, named them for their king, and established ports connecting the spice trade of the East with the resources extracted from the New World. Western Europeans were finally at the hub of a new and fully global economy.