So this horn is clearly unacceptable.

Equally important to economic calculation is the fact that anybody anywhere can dream up some new innovation that changes production and the quality of life.

Hence, we are in principle capable of distinguishing right from wrong on our own.

Selected Essays [Basic Books, 2013, p.236]The rule of law means that it is not left to the discretion of those in executive power to decide what actions to approve and what actions to condemn.


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Thinking oneself wise -- i.e. that one knows how to live -- without knowing whether one is or isn't wise is "the unexamined life", the life lived in disobedience of the Delphic command "Know thyself".


Surely that deserves further examination.

It means the life of someone like me or you if we don't think about things for ourselves -- rather than unthinkingly accept what we are told by others or follow our instincts. That is "the unexamined life", and it is a life that is not worthy of man, because man is not merely an animal but an animal gifted with reason (a "rational animal" Aristotle called him; an unthinking man is a caricature of man).

Query: Socrates' idea on the ignorance of the philosopher.

We give our obedience to those whom we put in positions of authority, and we obey the laws themselves, especially those which are for the protection of the oppressed, and those unwritten laws which it is an acknowledged shame to break.

Nevertheless, these considerations are serious ones.

Thus, the of the United States Constitution says:

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The "others" are clearly natural rights.

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Here I should stop, close the book and think about this question for myself, but . There are two parts to "Know thyself": (1) to know what the nature of man as man is and therefore what the is. And (2) to know oneself as an individual human being -- i.e. to know what one's own abilities [skills] and limits [limitations] are (Xenophon, Memorabilia iv, 2, 26). These two parts when taken together show each of us how we should live our life ... although there is , as Socrates' questioning of Euthyphro shows.

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That is like asking: what is the importance of philosophy to philosophy? The foundation of philosophy, its spirit and its essence, is the distinction between what I know and what I (only) think I know (but do not). Philosophy is a search for knowledge, not self-delusion.