In 1963, Eliot Asinof published , a book about the Black Sox scandal which later became apopular movie and has, more than any other work, shaped modernunderstanding of the most famous scandal in the history of sports. In Asinof'stelling of history, the bitterness Sox players felt about theirowner led members ofthe team to enter into a conspiracy that would forever change the gameof baseball. Asinof suggested that Comisky's skinflint maneuversmade key players ready to jump at the chance to make some quickmoney. For example, Asinof wrote that Sox pitcher was intensely irritated when, in September of1917,as Cicotte approached a 30-win season that would win him a promised$10,000bonus, Comiskey had his star pitcher benched rather than be forced tocomeup with the extra cash. Whether the story about the denied bonusor true is subject of dispute among baseball historians.
With Cicotte and Felsch on board,Gandil'seffortsto recruit additional Sox playerstook off. Shortstop and utility infielder said that they were in. Starting pitchers would becriticalin any successful fix, so when the team was in New York, Gandil wentafter--and soon convinced-- to join. To round out the fix, Gandilapproached the teams best hitter, Joe Jackson. (In his 1920"confession," Jackson would testify that he was promised $20,000 forhis participation, but only got a quarter of that amount.)
All Professional Baseball Statistics for Shoeless Joe Jackson.
More recently, several writers havequestioned Asinof's explanation for the fix. Gene Carney, forexample, authorof ,concluded that "the Sox who took the bribes were not getting even, theywere just trying to get some easy money." Whatever the reason, along and complicated story unfolded in the fall of 1919. One ofthe key players in the scandal, gambler Abe Attell, later summarizedthe fix as "cheaters cheating cheaters."