True, Huntington's hypothesized war between Islam and OrthodoxChristianity is not borne out by the alliance network in theCaucasus. But that is only because he has misidentified whichcultural war is occurring there. A recent visit to Azerbaijanmade clear to me that Azeri Turks, the world's most secularShi'ite Muslims, see their cultural identity in terms not ofreligion but of their Turkic race. The Armenians, likewise, fightthe Azeris not because the latter are Muslims but because theyare Turks, related to the same Turks who massacred Armenians in1915. Turkic culture (secular and based on languages employing aLatin script) is battling Iranian culture (religiously militantas defined by Tehran, and wedded to an Arabic script) across thewhole swath of Central Asia and the Caucasus. The Armenians are,therefore, natural allies of their fellow Indo-Europeans theIranians.
The downfall of the Soviet Union in December 1991 drew the curtain from a bipolar world dominated by the former and the U.S. for nearly half century and led to rise of speculations regarding the next likely world order. Robert Gates (1992), former Director of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) opined that a more unstable, turbulent, unpredictable and violent era prevailed after the demise of the Cold War and Soviet Union. Some opined that the breakdown of the bipolar world would eventually pave the way for a multipolar world which was long due, owing to the prevalence of the Cold War. Murray & Brown (2012) assessed the new world order to be a uni-tripolar configuration- existence of three centers of power, namely, Europe, Asia and Americas, dominated by the US. Samuel Huntington (2007) while describing the world order further, coined the term uni-multipolar balance of power. Where America have to balance its dominance with other power centers as well to achieve its end. Krauthammer (1991) on the other hand presented a different analysis predicting a unipolar world dominated by the United States. According to him, the world structure is characterized by the presence of a superpower whose capabilities cannot be counter-balanced. In present times this proposition matches with the U.S. whose economy, if not gets wrecked can continue its dominance for the next 30 to 40 years. Lastly, a final proposition by a less confident group asserted that the new world order can be best described as an interregnum, owing to a state of flux and huge transformations the world is undergoing.
The Clash of Civilizations Thesis: A Critical Appraisal