Yale Law Journal - Natural Rights and the First Amendment

Recruits frequently defect when they perceive that a group does not meet their needs, is less ideologically or otherwise congruent with their predispositions, or is evolving in a problematic direction. The selectivity of potential recruits and potential defectors would appear to limit the application of the extrinsic model. Moreover, contrary to the exit costs” interpretation of the brainwashing idea, the members of relatively totalitarian groups, which have high defection rates, are more apt to defect than members of more democratic groups. This would seem to indicate that so-called cults have lower rather than higher exit costs when compared to more democratic groups. There appears to be little evidence that people are confined in formally voluntary totalistic groups against their will, or that the “new self” resulting from a conversion experience in such groups is imposed in a way that is ego-alien and independent of the nature of their pre-conversion selves.

The Colonial and Constitutional History of the Privilege Against Self-Incrimination in America

The implications to be found inW E, Section 2250, andin the case of , 211 U. S. 78, to the effect that the privilege against self-incrimination was never regarded in England as the constitutional land-mark that our own constitution makers of 1789 regarded it, seems unjustifiable. No constitutional documents cameout of the Puritan revolution and the civil convulsion immediately following it. By the time of the English Bills of Rights of 1689, the privilege had become so well established and universally recognized that to have inserted it would have been very much like re-affirming the law of gravitation. McCauley, the English historian, seems nearer correct when he cites Fortescue and says:

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Modeling of fire-tube boilers - ScienceDirect

Buzz Hargrove, president of the Canadian Auto Workers and vice president of the Canadian Labour Congress, expressed his delight in addressing a convention of a U.S. labor party. "Working people need a party that represents the interests of working people," declared Hargrove. Like USWA President Becker, Hargrove cited the collapse of the Asian economies and suggested that the one-time "Asian tigers" represented a "model" of no restrictions on capital and no rights for workers. When the "casino capitalists" pulled out of the Asian markets, workers paid the price. "Any political party that doesn’t recognize this incredible abuse of power, and does not have a platform to deal with it, doesn’t deserve the support of working people," Hargrove declared. The Canadian labor leader said he attended the founding convention of the New Democratic Party, and compared his party’s debates to those at this convention. The challenge of building the party was well worth the effort, he said, although he finds himself at odds with many NDP policies today. If the NDP fails to represent working people, then a genuine labor party will have to be created. One problem, Hargrove said, is a tendency to place power ahead of principle and values; this does working people a disservice. Hargrove thrilled delegates with his account of plant occupations and one-day strikes that have shut down 12 cities in Ontario in response to the right-wing policies of the provincial government. "Capital yields nothing without a struggle," he said; "the time for action is now."

Joint committee on Conventions - First Report

Convinced that all the problems of our continent must be solved in the spirit of the Charter of the Organisation of African Unity and in the African context,

concluded that there is no problem over reasonable time, ..

This Convention is open for signature and accession by all Member States of the Organisation of African Unity and shall be ratified by signatory States in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.

Labor Party: First Constitutional Convention - Day One

The Labor Party’s First Constitutional Convention was called to order on November 13, 1998 by Robert Wages, president of the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union. The Pittsburgh Solidarity Chorus led the convention in singing the National Anthem and performed "We Are the People: We Have the Right," a lively, danceable version of the Labor Party’s program.

Need kid friendly resources for Constitution Day

Under the Constitution, treasonable offenses consist only of waging war against the nation or giving aid and comfort to her enemies, and no one may be convicted of treason except on the testimony of two witnesses to the same act or on confession in an open court of law. Treason can be punished by death under federal law. Several States provide that treason is a capital offense.