4. Virtue-oriented Politics: Confucius and Aristotle

So far, then, Aristotle’s appeals to homonymy or multivocity areprimarily destructive, in the sense that they attempt to undermine aPlatonic presumption regarded by Aristotle as unsustainable. Importantly, just as Aristotle sees a positive as well as a negativerole for dialectic in philosophy, so he envisages in addition to itsdestructive applications a philosophically constructive role forhomonymy. To appreciate his basic idea, it serves to reflect upon acontinuum of positions in philosophical analysis ranging from purePlatonic univocity to disaggregated Wittgensteinean familyresemblance. One might in the face of a successful challenge toPlatonic univocity assume that, for instance, the various cases ofgoodness have nothing in common across all cases, so that good thingsform at best a motley kind, of the sort championed by Wittgensteineansenamored of the metaphor of family resemblances: all good things belongto a kind only in the limited sense that they manifest a tapestry ofpartially overlapping properties, as every member of a single family isunmistakably a member of that family even though there is no onephysical attribute shared by all of those family members.

Aristotle, contrarily, holds the viewthat politics is the art of ruling and being ruled in turn.

this article is not what I have read in the book the Republic,,,Plato’s view on democracy wasn’t that it was the BEST regime! In his book “The Republic” he basically described three bad and three good regimes.. BAD are: democracy-becaus is the rule of the poor and they take over and revolt-create chaos and unstable state! oligarchy and tyranny
and the good ones are kingship, aristocracy and polity..

The ideas stem from Socrates to Plato to Aristotle.

Now I have the idea how Aristotle reacted with the ideas and principles of Plato. This article contain all the things im seeking about my assignment. thanks.

Free Essays on Politics: Plato Vs. Aristotle

The best regime, and best way of life according to Aristotle are the same. The best way of life is the mirror image of the best regime. While Kingship is the regime most desired, and Polity the best attainable regime it is the mixed regime that is the best regime. The mixed regime contains elements of each individual regime, just as the best person is a mixture of all the different virtues. The regime must incorporate virtue, the farming class and the middling class. It is this regime, the mixed regime, which must properly be defined as a Republic. A Polity as stated before is a regime of Oligarchy and Democracy, while a Republic is a mixed regime with multiple regimes tied into it. Take for example the American regime, which is not a Polity at all but is a Republic. We have the element of Kingship in the President, we have the element of Democracy in the House of Representatives, we have the element of Oligarchy in the Senate and we have Aristocracy in the Supreme Court. Such a regime is the best possible regime because it allows for the virtues of each regime to be apart of the city; just as the the virtuous person participates in each individual virtue, so does the city participate in the virtues exemplified by the various regimes in a mixed regime.

Aristotle vs. Plato « For Such A Talk As This

The most
extravagant precaution that Plato takes is the Foundation Myth of the metals.
By making the people believe, through a myth, that the distinction of each class
is biological as well as moral, Plato reassures that there won't be any
disruption in the harmony of the state.
Whereas Plato's The Republic is a text whose goal is to define Justice
and in doing so uses the polis, Aristotle's The Politics's sole function is to
define itself--define politics.

Lecture 8: Greek Thought: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle

On the other hand, Aristotle believed that our natural world itself was real and physical. Aristotle, having studied some biological and physical phenomenon during his work as a teacher, came to understand that our world was made up of many natural Forms, even though not all of the Forms were ideal, pure or perfect. He argued that with our sense(s) we could identify all the natural Forms on earth. The big question which Aristotle and everyone else asked about Plato’s theory of Forms was ‘what are the two separate realms and what do they mean and how do they explain life as it is?’