Politics of Iran | Flüchtlingshilfe Iran e.V. 2010

Just like the United States, Iran has various jurisdictions in its governmental structure. There is an elected president, legislature and judiciary. However, the major difference that exists is that Iran is a theocracy. Based on the current constitution, the country’s laws and regulations have to be aligned with Islamic criteria (Gheissari, 2009). The supreme leader is tasked with the responsibility of political and ideological control over a system that is dominated by clerics that tend to overshadow major functions of the state.

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Millions of Iranians will gather in the coming days to watch their country take on the world in something other than politics. Against the odds, against Argentina, and after a long, eight-year absence, Iran’s participation in the World Cup is a welcome break from usual state TV programming. While the people of Iran ceaselessly hope for sanctions relief and a better economy, at least for now, sports will draw their interest more than their government’s wrangling with Western powers over Iran’s nuclear portfolio.


Political System of Iran - Independence day Celebration

Politics and government ofIran

According to current election laws, a body of 12 experts called the oversees and approves electoral candidates for most national elections in Iran. The majority of the members of this body are appointed by the Supreme Leader. According to the current law, this council vets also candidates, which in turn in supervise and elect the Supreme Leader, which ultimately creates a closed loop of power.


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Iran's post-revolution difficulties have included an eight-year war with , internal political struggles and unrest, and economic disorder. The early days of the regime were characterized by severe human rights violations and political turmoil, including the and its occupants on , , by Iranian militants. As the no longer has formal diplomatic relations with Iran, handles U.S. interests in Iran.

Brooke Singman is a Politics Reporter for Fox News.

By mid-, a succession of power struggles eliminated first the center of the political spectrum and then the leftists, leaving only the clergy and their supporters in power. There has been some moderation of excesses both internally and internationally, although there are claims that Iran still remains a sponsor of terrorism.

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The was Iran's dominant political party until its dissolution in ; Iran had no functioning political parties until the formed in to run for the fifth parliamentary elections, mainly out of executive body of the government close to the then-president . After the election of in , more parties started to work, mostly of the movement and opposed by hard-liners. This led to incorporation and official activity of many other groups, including hard-liners. The Iranian Government is opposed by a few armed political groups, including the , the , and the .

Politics of Iran - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The political system of Iran is quite a complex one and combines elements of a modern Islamic ideology with democracy. The entire system functions under a Supreme Leader who is appointed by the Assembly of Experts and is the chief of state while the President is Head of Government. Here is an overview of the structure of the political system of Iran.