The works that have been transmitted to us through the middle ages under the name of Plato consist in a set of 41 so-called "dialogues" plus a collection of 13 letters and a book of . But it was already obvious in antiquity that not all of these were from Plato's own hand.
is one of Plato's longest dialogues, subdivided in 10 books for editorial reasons but more consistently in 12 sections preceded by a prologue and followed by an epilogue.
Analysis of Plato's Republic; Socratic Creed vs
Background: In Book VII of “The Republic,” Plato paints a picture of ordinary people imprisoned in a shadow-world cave, unaware of the true reality hidden from them. When a prisoner is released from the cave, he initially suffers from the sun’s blinding brightness, yet as his eyes adjust he begins to see the truth. If he were to return underground to enlighten his former fellow prisoners, they would not believe him, for they couldn’t even imagine a world beyond the shadows dominating their existence.