A good moral life to them would lead to “eudaimonia, an ancient Greek word that translates into English as happiness.” (Pacquette 268) Though Plato talked and wrote about virtue and happiness, Aristotle went into great detail about his ideas.
Aristotle (384–322 B.C.E.) numbers among the greatestphilosophers of all time. Judged solely in terms of his philosophicalinfluence, only Plato is his peer: Aristotle’s works shaped centuriesof philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and eventoday continue to be studied with keen, non-antiquarian interest. Aprodigious researcher and writer, Aristotle left a great body of work,perhaps numbering as many as two-hundred treatises, from whichapproximately thirty-one survive. His extant writings span a wide range ofdisciplines, from logic, metaphysics and philosophy of mind, throughethics, political theory, aesthetics and rhetoric, and into suchprimarily non-philosophical fields as empirical biology, where heexcelled at detailed plant and animal observation and description. In all these areas, Aristotle’s theories have providedillumination, met with resistance, sparked debate, and generallystimulated the sustained interest of an abiding readership.
socrates plato and aristotle summary
From Leontini, Sicily
Born in 485 BC
Died 380 BC
Greek Sophist, Pre-Socratic Philosopher, and Rhetorician From Athens, Greece
Born 427 BC
Died 347 BC
Philosopher, Mathematician, and Founder of the first school of higher learning known as the Academy
Gorgias is of the first generation of Sophists and referred to as the Father of Sophistry - the ideology that preceeded Plato and Aristotle.
Aristotle | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The concept known today as the Classical Elements are in a significant way at the root of the Western Esoteric Tradition, stemming from pre-Platonic literature and its forerunners. Plato’s casts the Elements as the raw fundamental substance from which the world was fashioned (the Timeaus). The application of the Classical Elements in the current system, however, is more in keeping with the Aristotle’s treatment (On Generation and Corruption). Further, in some respects, the methods of the current system are modeled after Aristotle’s methods: striving to understand the unobservable (occult) through empirical experience. With that in mind, Aristotle defined the Classical Elements in terms of basic sensory qualities of relative heat and moisture, well-characterized in this schematic:
Dualism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Very regularly, according to Aristotle, this sort of reflection leadsto an interesting discovery, namely that we have been presuming aunivocal account where in fact none is forthcoming. This,according to Aristotle, is where the Platonists go wrong: they presumeunivocity where the world delivers homonymy or multivocity. (Fora vivid illustration of Plato’s univocity assumption at work, seeMeno 71e1–72a5, where Socrates insists that there is but onekind of excellence (aretê) common to all kindsof excellent people, not a separate sort for men, women, slaves,children, and so on.) In one especially important example,Aristotle parts company with Plato over the univocity of goodness: