de Mairan, Dortous 1749. Review of Agnesi’s Instituzioni analitiche in Les registres de l’académie royale des Sciences (republished in A. F. Frisi 1799. Elogio storico di D. Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Milano: Presso Giuseppe Galeazzi).
Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718-1799) rose to fame in her lifetime as a child prodigy in her native Milan. Later she became known mostly for her 1748 Instituzioni Analitiche, a calculus textbook, that caught the attention of mathematicians throughout Europe, including Leonhard Euler. This work earned her an honorary place in the Academy of Sciences of Bologna. She has been found to be an enigmatic figure of the history of science, as she gave up her scientific pursuits in her thirties for a life of piety helping the poor.
Maria Gaetana Agnesi was a child prodigy born in Milan, Italy in 1718
The Italian name (used by Agnesi) was actually given to the curve byGrandi in 1718, because of the "inverted sine" ()which is used in its construction. In spite of what is often stated, there may not be any relationwith the Latin word which denotes the rope usedon a sailboat to transfer edge (the verb means "to turn"). The weird name of "witch" comes from a famous mistranslationby the Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge, John Colson (1680-1760). When he translated Maria Agnesi's [written in 1748, this was the first calculus book ever authored by a woman] Colson apparently mistook "" for ""... Since (the adversary) is the Devil,an would be a she-devil, or a witch! Colson's work seems also responsible for the attribution of the curve to Agnesi(she made no such claim herself).
Maria Gaetana Agnesi - ODTÜ Web Servisi
Maria Gaetana Agnesi was born in May 16, 1718 in Milan, Italy. Hers was a very wealthy family and like all wealthy families of that time they were literate. Maria was the eldest of 21 children. Her father was Pietro Agnesi and because of his wealth he was able to afford her the best tutors in the land. He earned his wealth through silk, but many readings have also stated him as being a mathematician. When she was 9, she wowed some of the most distinguished minds of their day by composing a speech in Latin which lasted an hour long. She talked about the right of women to get an education.
By the time she reached 12, Maria GaetanaAgnesi was struck by an illness no one could identify. However, doctors pointed to her excessive studying and reading as the cause and so she was told to go on horseback rides and to dance. Dancing and horseback riding didn’t work and she still suffered from convulsions so she was told to practice everything in moderation. By age fourteen, she was studying ballistics and geometry. When she was fifteen, her father began to regularly gather in his house a circle of the most learned men in Bologna, before whom she read and maintained a series of theses on the most abstruse philosophical questions
Aside from taking her own lessons and her performances, she was obliged in essence with the task of educating her siblings. This very task kept her from doing what she so longed to do which was to enter a convent. In fact, she asked her father to send her to the convent and he refused but he did allow her to live in semi-retirement in an almost convent setting. Her mother’s death provided her the excuse to retire from public life. She took over management of the household. It is possible that this heavy duty job was one of the reasons why she never married.
5/16/2014 · This Doodle's Reach. This day in history
Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718-1799) was a philosopher and mathematician during the 18th century. Whereas in her time she was a celebrated member of the philosophical and scientific community, her contributions to the development of mathematics and science, as well as her legacy in the history of ideas, have largely been neglected by contemporary scholarship.