- He laid the basis for French absolutism when he was the firist minister - He divided France into 32 districts, each of which had a royal intendant with extensive power over justice, the police and finances
Louis XIV (b. 1638–d. 1715) was the longest reigning king in French history. His seventy-two years on the throne were a period of dramatic political, social, and cultural development as well as extraordinary turbulence. Coming to the throne at the age of five, Louis XIV was placed under the Regency of his mother, Anne of Austria, and his first minister, Cardinal Mazarin. As a boy-king, he lived through the last decades of the Thirty Years War and the chaotic civil wars called the Fronde. After deciding to rule personally in 1661, he greatly strengthened the authority of the absolute monarchy, embarked on a quest to increase his personal greatness (), made France the dominant power in Europe, and, as the self-proclaimed Sun King (), presided over the efflorescence of classical French culture from his glittering court at Versailles. His last three decades were darkened by great wars, religious controversy, famine, state bankruptcy, and economic stagnation. Ever since, historians have grappled with the meaning and significance of his reign. For Voltaire, the age of Louis XIV was an era of cultural achievement equal to Periclean Athens, Augustan Rome, and Renaissance Italy. The partisans of the French Revolution condemned him as the chief architect of royal despotism. French historians of the 19th century, strongly influenced by contemporary currents of liberalism and nationalism, portrayed him as a great state-builder who laid the foundations of the modern state. This interpretation was largely adopted by the English-speaking historians who studied Louis XIV in ever-greater numbers over the course of the 20th century. In the 1980s, a lively debate broke out on the nature of Louis XIV’s absolute monarchy. Challenging the traditional view of the Sun King as a modernizing state builder, revisionist historians have argued that his rule in fact depended on collaboration with existing elites and aimed at the defense of a traditional society. The absolutism debate has transformed the study of Louis XIV, showing no signs of abating. This article is intended as an introductory guide to the scholarship on Louis XIV, a rich and constantly growing body of work full of color, contention, and controversy.
Like Charles, he was an admirer of Louis XIV and a known Catholic.
Louis XIV’s absolutism fostered in four major parts: the building of Versailles to control the nobility, the breeding of a strong military, the improvement of France’s economy, and, while quite harsh, the brutal extinction of religious toleration....
Louis the XIV The Causes of the End and the Rise
First, students will learn about the context surrounding the development of absolutist states as absolute monarchs had to contend with lingering Medieval institutions.
- Louis XIV took Frace into war against virtually ..
Burns, "Absolutism: the history of an idea," London 1986 (a lecture; clear, short discussion);
Julian Franklin, "Sovereignty and the mixed constitution: Bodin and his critics," in J.
King Louis XIV and Absolutism? | Yahoo Answers
French absolutism was largely a result of these crises and tragedies, with the country recognizing the need for a strong, powerful leader, which they found during the long and successful reign of Louis XIV....
Louis Xiv And Absolutism Principles Essays - StudentShare
In the first place the disorder, anarchy and confusion which prevailed in Europe during the Medieval period greatly contributed to the growth of the absolute monarchies.
Since the order of feudalism was in trouble, people were fed up with uncertain conditions which caused them untold misery and were willing to be ruled by an absolute ruler who could assure them peace and order.
Free absolutism Essays and Papers - 123HelpMe
This readable survey of the 18th century, aimed as much at a general audience as a scholarly one, begins with a wide-ranging discussion of the legacy that Louis XIV left France in 1715. It argues persuasively that Louis XIV largely set the tone politically for his successors.
World History: Absolutism: HistoryWiz
The reigns of Henry IV, Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI each contributed to the strengthening of the French Monarchy as well as the destruction.