President Truman, supporting General MacArthur’s orders for massive bombings of North Korea, authorized General Curtis LeMay, commander (1948-1951) of the Strategic Air Command, to unleash his 1,008 bomber crews to burn cities, destroy agricultural dams, and eliminate entire peasant villages and systems of rice paddies. After more than three years of bombings, LeMay remarked, “We killed off — what — twenty percent of the population of North Korea.” In truth, as many as thirty to forty percent of the population of North Korea was killed during the war, perhaps the greatest percentage of a society’s population ever killed through war in all of history.
My visit to Korea in May 2000 was my fifth journey there. On one of my earlier trips I spent ten days in North Korea. My interest in seeking a truthful account of history has become important to my own integrity as a natural born U.S. American citizen. On this visit I listened to more than a one hundred humble Korean citizens in six different communities: Kyung San near Taegu City, about 150 miles southeast of Seoul; and Yuhcho Ri near Chang Rung, Ham Ahn, Ma-san, Sa-Chun and Eui Ryung, all in South Kyongsang Province, locations caught inside the defensive Pusan Perimeter about 200 miles southeast of Seoul, the line delineated by Lt. General Walton Harris Walker of the U.S. Eighth Army in the panic of July 1950. I was in tears as I listened to what happened to them, their families, and villages nearly fifty years ago. These people were all survivors of grotesque massacres committed in their presence. Reporting with excruciating details, they described their shock as they stood in the very locations where they were shot at by U.S. soldiers, and/or bombed from low-flying U.S. warplanes, often with napalm. The terror frequently lasted for several days. They emotionally described events that led to the death, maiming, and disappearances of intimate loved ones and village friends. When I calculated the cumulative casualties from five of these six villages, the numbers added up to nearly 450 killed, with another 230 or so wounded. Many of these survivors revealed evidence of permanent injuries on their bodies – bomb shrapnel and bullet wounds, and napalm burn scars.
Korean conflict Flashcards | Quizlet
The Korean Conflict(also known as a ) was the first war in which jet aircraft played a central role. Once-formidable fighters such as the , , and the new Hawker , all piston-engined, propeller-driven, and designed during World War IIrelinquished their air-superiority roles to a new generation of faster, jet-powered fighters arriving in the theater. For the initial months of the war, the , , and other jets under the UN flag dominated North Korea's prop-driven air force of Soviet and . The balance would shift with the arrival of the swept-wing Soviet built , one of the world's most advanced jet fighters. The Chinese intervention in late October 1950 bolstered the (KPAF) of North Korea with the MiG-15 as well. The fast, heavily armed MiG outflew first-generation UN jets such as the F-80 (United States Air Force) and Gloster (Royal Australian Air Force) posing a real threat to bombers even under fighter escort. Soviet Air Force pilots flew missions for the North to learn the West's aerial combat techniques. The had 1,172 aircraft in the Pacific region at the time of the outbreak of the Korean War, including squadrons of F-80 Shooting Stars as well as numerous F-82 Twin Mustangs, , B-29 Superfortresses, among others. Hundreds of aircraft were available in Japan to be immediately mustered against the North Korean invasion, many of them the newest jet engine-powered fighter aircraft. For the flying support, the F9F Panther was the most widely used U.S. Navy jet fighter of the Korean War, flying 78,000 sorties, supported by the McDonnell as well as ex-World War 2 aircraft such as the F4U Corsair and the new . According to US intelligence, at that time the KPAF had 132 combat aircraft, 70 of them were the Yakovlev Yak-9P, which enjoyed immense popularity with the Soviet pilots in the Great patriotic war and some 2,000 personnel, of whom only 80 were pilots and most poorly trained. They rest were made up of the , the Lavockin La-9. Quite interestingly the Yak-9Ps were noted as most probably in the comparison to the earlier wooden Yaks. The North Koreans' 132 aircraft were organized into the KPAF 1st Air Division. While the early fifties had the major powers rapidly moving to the jet age, on paper these types were obsolete, however they had no trouble gaining air superiority over the South Koreans. The South Korean arsenal only consisted of 3 unarmed T-6 Texan trainers and 13 liaison aircraft and of the sixteen aircraft, none were combat ready.