John Gardner’s Grendel | Grendel's Mere

I waited on." -Page 11

Grendel sees the world as a savage, mechanical place with no significant meaning throughout the novel.

The Shaper merely manipulates the chaos of the world and turns it into something that appears meaningful- but isn't.
Relation to the Theme
Art as Falsehood
John Gardner's
Grendel: Chapter 1 Theory of Orphism

The World as an Endless Cycle of Repetition
Incessant Trends
" happens to notice the terrible sameness, age after age."-Page 8
One Way Out
The cycle is bound to repeat
Grendel alters the course by ending his life.

"The uproar is only my own shriek, and chasms are, like all things vast, inanimate They will not snatch me in a thousand years, unless, in a lunatic fit, I jump"-Page 10
Orphism and Existentialism
“Locked in the deadly progression of moon and stars”-Page 9
-by characterizing human souls as divine and immortal but doomed to live (for a period) in a
"grievous circle"
of successive bodily lives through metempsychosis or the transmigration of souls.

-by prescribing an
ascetic way of life
which, together with secret initiation rites, was supposed to guarantee not only eventual release from the
"grievous circle"
but also communion with god(s).

-by being founded upon sacred writings about the origin of gods and human beings.
Orphism is a religious belief that is defined:

Grendel lives in a grievous cycle
All has happened before; all will happen again.

By Jameson Mah, Benjamin Newman, and Joshua Ren
Song: Daft Punk,
Around the World

The humans act autonomously and don't change their behavior as time goes and as other events reoccur (i.e.

On John Gardners, Grendel the main character Grendel is very confused of the life he is living.

In the novel, Grendel written by John Gardner, Gardner uses Grendel as an agent to portray his perspective of the evil and corrupt world of humans and their place in the universe.

John Gardner's Grendel: Chapter 1 Philosophy by Josh …

In John Gardner’s novel, Grendel, the main character, Grendel, seeks to find the meaning of life.

John Gardner’s intelligently written Grendel is a commentary on the merits and flaws of both types of worldview: the existentialist "meaning-free" universe, and the heroic universe, where every action is...

It is enough to know about 100 words to survive in a foreign country.

After stumbling upon John Gardner's book, it was halfway expected that some excuse would be made for Grendel; that he wasn't really the inexorable monster the thanes in Beowulf portrayed him as.

Beowulf: A Translation and Com…

In the epic poem Beowulf, the character Grendel appears as a monster with few human qualities and little to offer in life while, contrastingly, in John Gardner’s novel Grendel he is given unique human-like characteristics which define his every action and thought.