But Anti-Federalists, who feared that the document gave too much power to the federal government, worked to convince the states to reject it. Hamilton believed that the ratification was necessary because giving more power to the central government was essential for the nation's survival.
In 1794, the Jay Treaty was introduced in an attempt to solve political problems with England and to avert a second war. The treaty was designed mostly by Alexander Hamilton to address disagreements between the two nations concerning boundaries, debts, and the continued presence of British soldiers in northwestern forts. Republicans, who believed the Federalist treaty catered to British interests, decried it as an insult to the new nation and its credibility. Republicans further claimed that the Jay Treaty violated the 1778 Treaty of Alliance with France that was still in effect. Thomas Jefferson led the charge in denouncing Jay, Hamilton, and the Federalists as monarchists bent on bowing to the British Crown. While many historians view the Jay Treaty as more generous to the English, it resulted in relatively peaceful relations between the two nations for a period of about ten years.
Wilson's "Thomas Jefferson and the Character Issue,"
One thing is clear. In the Progressive Era, , an adviser to President Theodore Roosevelt, urged liberals to use Hamiltonian means to achieve Jeffersonian ends, drawing on federal power to defend economic liberty and individual rights. With no branch of federal power at their disposal during the Trump era, progressives will have to use Jeffersonian means to achieve Jeffersonian ends, convincing some blue and purple states to serve as laboratories of democracy and to protect equal rights and civil liberties for all.
Growing Pains: Federalists vs Republicans
These state marijuana legalization initiatives, however, may be challenged by the Trump Justice Department and the Supreme Court. And the tables may be turned as White House conservatives abandon their devotion to federalism to pursue a national war on drugs while progressives invoke states’ rights to defend local legalization efforts. In August 2013, the Obama Justice Department announced that while federal law continues to regulate marijuana as a controlled substance, it would conditionally waive its right to challenge Colorado and Washington State laws legalizing the drug. A Trump administration, however, might reverse this policy and enforce federal anti-marijuana laws. The battle could end up at the Supreme Court, much as it did in 2005, when the Bush administration challenged California’s medical marijuana law.
Following the ratification of the U.S
Opposition to Hamilton’s idea came from political rivals Thomas Jefferson and James Madison who believed the plan gave too much power to the Federal Government. Furthermore, their home state of Virginia had already paid half of their individual debt. Madison also opposed other parts of Hamilton’s plan which called for the postponement of payment on debts previously incurred by the Federal Government. The Federal Government did not have the money to pay bonds issued to veterans of the Revolutionary War. As a result, these bonds were being sold at a fraction of their face value, making speculators rich. The divergence of viewpoint between Jefferson, Madison, and Hamilton only increased as time progressed, resulting in a major rift and eventually the formation of two distinct parties: the Federalists, led by Hamilton, and the Republicans, led by Jefferson. Eventually, however, Hamilton’s Assumption plan would be approved on July 26, 1790, after he, Jefferson, and Madison made a compromise: Hamilton agreed to use his influence to locate the nation’s capital along the Potomac River and Jefferson and Madison agreed to lobby for approval of Assumption in Virginia. A southern capital was important to Jefferson and Madison so that the more populated northern states would not exert undo power on the southern states.
Mr. Anderson | "Those who cannot learn from history …
In fact during and after its drafting a wide-ranging debate was held between those who supported the Constitution, the Federalists, and those who were against it, the Anti-Federalists.