We cannot think about Superheroes without considering their original source: the comic book in the USA and the manga in Japan. Whilst we find superheroes in most countries, in most cultures and although American superheroes are the most famous (with the term itself coming from the USA), there are also a lot of superheroes to be found in Japan. Throughout this article I will focus on Japanese superheroes depicted in two Japanese media: the manga (the Japanese comic book) and the anime (Japanese animated film).
Are Japanese ashamed or proud of their history? How do we understand the behaviour of the Japanese military during the second World War? This search for identity is often addressed as a main theme of mangas and anime. One crime which is still denied nowadays in Japan surrounds Unit 731. Between 1936 and 1945 researchers within this military laboratory conducted bacteriological war experiments. Included
were experiments with vivisection on more than three thousands people (most of the victims were Chinese). The Americans gave impunity to the general in charge of this laboratory in exchange for the results of this research. If we take the example of Hiroyuki Kitakubo’s (2000), we see at first a simple vampire story. However, beneath the surface, metaphors of invasion and alienation are evident. Saya, a vampire, is tracking down vampires. The action takes place just before the Vietnam war, in an American base. These details led us to think that is critical of the American invasion (and it also draws a parallel between the Viet-Cong and the Japanese military during the second World War). There is not a negationist’s vision, but simply another point of view of Japanese history. This might reflect the point of view of younger Japanese who suffered from a war they didn’t choose, didn’t want and they found themselves invaded by strangers who radically influenced their future. is not a common vampire story, it is the metaphor of the reflection of the war’s consequences.
Comparison between Japanese Anime and American ‘Cartoon