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The antagonism caused by territorial and historical disputes between the two states can be controlled through exchange and seeking common ground.

However, Japan's younger generation is generally indifferent to China.

2018 marks the 40th anniversary of the signing of the China-Japan Treaty of Peace and Friendship.

The First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95 had first helped establish a dominant status against China and consequently provided an important resource for Japan's modernization.

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Such a cognitive gap should not be ignored.The civil communities have done better than governments in China-Japan cultural exchange.

Likewise, the national unity achieved during the Chinese people's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression in 1931-45 has been successfully integrated into China's national development.

The historical status, which was managed well by the civil movements and far-sighted politicians in the 1950s, has become a barrier to mutual exchange because of China reemerging as a major power, Japan's long-term economic stagnation and changes in global landscape.