The decisive issue between Islam and Christianity is, quite simply, the gospel—the Bible’s account of what God has done, is doing, and will yet do through his Son to redeem his creation. It is this “good news” story of the Creator’s eternal, Son-centered plan of redemption that reveals to us who our Creator truly is. This gospel story is the watershed issue that exposes the dramatic difference between Islam and Christianity. It is not until this difference is grasped that the question of what Christianity and Islam may or may not hold in common can even be addressed.
(The Trinity) (Matthew 28:19)
Comparisons between all three
One god, No Trinity
Holy Book: The Bible
Holy Book: Koran/Quran
Holy Book: Tanakh(Comprised of the Torah, Nevi'im, and Ketuvim
Jesus is a prophet, but not Messiah
Jesus is a ordinary Jew, normal person
Jesus's Mission: To reconcile Man to God, through his death as a sacrifice for the sins of all mankind.
Jesus's Mission: To proclaim the Injil, or gospel.
Jesus had no mission because Judaism doesn't believe he was special
Salvation: Saved from Hell if faithful to Jesus Christ (Ephesians 2:8-9)
Salvation: Saved from suffering after death if your good deeds outweigh your sin
Salvation: Saved by doing good deeds.
Comparison Chart -- Islam and Christianity - NAMB
ast winter, the Internet was abuzz over the question “Do Muslims and Christians worship the same God?” A cacophony of largely Christian voices exhausted themselves arguing these complex issues, to almost no one’s satisfaction. This isn’t the first time people have debated this question, and unfortunately, it may not be the last.
The religion of Islam - Religious Tolerance: Islam
Christianity teaches that all men (in the gender- neutral sense) have an inherent sin nature. This sin nature is a result of the fall of Adam, the first created being. Genesis 3 records the exchange between the serpent and Eve. God gave Adam and Eve every good thing that He created to eat for their sustenance. They were forbidden only from eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge. But God also gave them moral responsibility and choice. They chose to disobey God and thus God’s perfect creation became tainted with the stain of sin, resulting in man being separated from the close communion with God that Adam enjoyed prior to the sin. Sin ultimately resulted in both physical death and spiritual death—eternal separation from God. This one sin caused all future offspring to be born with a sin nature where, left to our inborn instincts, would live in sin continually. The bible tells us that this one sin condemned all mankind. “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned” (Rom. 5:12).
About Islam: Islam is the second most popular religion in the world.
If their contrasting responses to the gospel represent the critical difference between Christianity and Islam, what about their points of similarity?
Islam, Muslim Religion - ReligionFacts
In a theological assessment of the two faiths, the three points above identify the determinative issue. Jesus taught that those who reject him, by that one and the same act reject the God who sent him. Thus it appears inescapable that in its repudiation of God’s Son-centered gospel, Islam as a religion places itself under Christ’s verdict. This verdict is a hard saying—Jesus specialized in hard sayings—but it is one we dare not shy away from. It’s a verdict every Christian should hope and pray every Muslim is given the opportunity to weigh.
Types of Religion: Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Judaism
Islam and Christianity differ in significant and fundamental ways. Many of these differences can be seen to be in direct contrast to one another. The Law of Non-Contradiction states that a thing and its opposite cannot both be true at the same time and in the same sense. Thus, theological differences that exist in direct contrast with one another between Islam and Christianity cannot both be true in the same sense. This article addresses one fundamental doctrine of both, the doctrine of salvation or soteriology, using a compare and contrast approach. The reader may use this material in conjunction with other similar analyses between Islam and Christianity to determine which presents a coherent worldview.