It was published in 1849 as "Resistanceto Civil Government" and posthumously in 1866 as "Civil Disobedience." If a thousand men were not to pay their tax-bills this year, that wouldnot be a violent and bloody measure, as it would be to pay them, and enablethe State to commit violence and shed innocent blood.
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King’s first opportunity to display Civil Disobedience in his society was in becoming a leader of The Montgomery Bus Boycott, which officially started on December 1, 1955.
Civil Disobedience - the King Center
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One of the most important of these was the philosophy of nonviolence practiced by Mohandas "Mahatma" Gandhi, the spiritual leader of India's independence movement in the first half of the 20th century. Gandhi’s ideas and philosophies showed King that it would be possible to fight for civil rights not with guns, bombs, lies, and propaganda, but with love and truth.
Thoreau, Emerson, and Transcendentalism
According to Patrick Ruffini (in hisessay, "Civil Disobedience, Now more than ever"), "Thoreau's observationcrystallizes the moral confusion of a government official knowing you asa human being, but treating you as a number regardless."In order to appease the masses confoundedby Thoreau's acquiescence in being detained, Thoreau detailed his explanationin a lecture presented twice in 1848.
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The civil rights movement was not only about stopping racial segregation amongst African Americans but also to challenge the terrible economic, political, and cultural consequences of that time....
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had the courage and bravery to protest against discrimination and promote love and truth through the act of Civil Disobedience.
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One such instance is contained in Thoreau's response to John Brown." In comparing Thoreau's John Brown pieces to his earlier "Civil Disobedience,"Leon Edel concludes, "His defense of John Brown, with his espousal of violence,is hardly the voice of the same man�Thoreau's involvement in his causehas in it strong elements of hysteria." I think it's important torealize that Thoreau was horrified and impassioned by the plight of JohnBrown and certainly the idea of slavery on a broader scale, and this feelingwas obvious in his "Plea for John Brown." Probably most telling toThoreau's change in narrative voice in these two pieces was Thoreau's anticipationthat Brown would be labeled as pathological by a government staunchly opposedto change.
African American History Primary Speeches
Acts of Civil Disobedience
Earliest record of it was during Roman Empire
Is seen in revolutions and controversial political acts