Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors - Friesian School

I also argue that the translation of as is problematic because the term is strong associated with a martial political formation founded on conquest -- consider the imperial states of Rome, Persia, and China.

Written records of the history of China date from as early as 1500 BC, from the Shang dynasty (c
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Theiryear was marked off by great rituals in which they honored , a goddess who was the exemplification of Rome, as well as for the peace of the imperial family, its security, the loyalty that bound the army to the service of the emperor, and so onIndeed, in times when Rome itself fell in disorder or when the imperialadministration had fallen into the depths of corruption orineffectiveness, the army's reverence for the ideal of Rome remainedundiminished even though they might acclaim their general as emperor andmarch upon Rome to clear up the mess there.

Legion XXIV - Time Line of Imperial Rome

Oct 23, 2013 · What are han china and mauryan/ gupta similarities and differences in techniques of imperial administration?
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Just as the Holy Roman Empire retained few of the characteristics that we might otherwise associate with "empire," except for claims of universal authority, the Japanese adopted Imperial Chinese titles and ideology, not because their monarchy or their country had many similarities in "historical circumstances" or structure to China, but because the Japanese could not see their monarchy as being any less exalted in authority and status than that of China.