Aims and Methods of Moral Philosophy

Ethical decision making is a process. There are many instances in social work where simple answers are not available to resolve complex ethical issues. Social workers should take into consideration all the values, principles, and standards in this that are relevant to any situation in which ethical judgment is warranted. Social workers' decisions and actions should be consistent with the spirit as well as the letter of this .

The Values and Ethics Code for the Public Sector came into force on April 2, 2012.

These two concepts, humanity and brotherhood, feature prominently inAfrican social and moral thought and practice. They are among the moralor human values that constitute the basic—perhaps theultimate—criteria that not only motivate but also justify humanactions that affect other human beings. In African terms, humanity isnot just an anthropological term; it is also a moral term when it comesto considering the relations between members of the human species. Theterm ‘brotherhood’ has come to refer to an association ofmen and/or women with common aims and interests. But the notion ofbrotherhood is essentially a moral notion, for it is about therelations between individual human beings that make for their owninterest and well-being. There is some affiliation between humanity andbrotherhood in African ethical conceptions: if we are human, we are(must be) brothers, in a capacious, comprehensive sense of the word‘brother’ (to be discussed shortly).


What is the definition of "human values?" ..

The most general philosophical issue in the study of value () is whether values arise from  features of experience.

African societies, as organized and functioning human communities,have undoubtedly evolved ethical systems—ethical values, principles,rules—intended to guide social and moral behavior. But, like Africanphilosophy itself, the ideas and beliefs of the African society thatbear on ethical conduct have not been given elaborate investigationand clarification and, thus, stand in real need of profound andextensive analysis and interpretation. In the last three decades orso, attempts have been made by contemporary African philosophers togive sustained reflective attention to African moral ideas. This entryis intended to make some contribution to the understanding of Africanethical thinking.


Science and Human Values - ISSR Library

The entry makes the African moral language its point of departure, forthe language of morality gives insight into the moral thinking orideas of the society. The centrality of the notions of character andmoral personhood, which are inspired by the African moral language, isgiven a prominent place. The entry points up the social character ofAfrican ethics and highlights its affiliated notions of the ethics ofduty (not of rights) and of the common good. The humanisticfoundations and features of African ethics are extensivelydiscussed.

Professional Ethics & Wrongful Discharge

After the reflective activities of the individual moral thinkers, thebeliefs and presuppositions of a people about right and wrong conduct,good and bad character—all of which featured in the moral lifeof the people prior to the activities of moral thinkers—remainsubstantially or generally unscathed; they continue to constitute themoral framework within which the members of the societyfunction. Thus, even though a theoretical (or, academic) distinctioncan be made between morality as constituted by the moral beliefs andprinciples that a group of people abides by in their daily lives (letus refer to this kind of morality as morality1) andmorality or ethics as comprising the reflections of moral thinkers onhuman conduct, on morality1 (let us refer to the reflectiveenterprise regarding morality as morality2), nevertheless,to the extent that morality2 provides a clarification andbetter explanation and understanding of morality1, it canbe said that the two terms, morality and ethics, refer essentially tothe same moral phenomenon—human conduct—and, thus, can beused interchangeably. Thus, in this entry, the term ‘Africanethics’ is used to refer both to the moral beliefs andpresuppositions of the sub-Saharan African people and thephilosophical clarification and interpretation of those beliefs andpresuppositions.

Human Knowledge: Foundations and Limits

Social work history is filled with instances where social workers have had to make decisions of conscience about whether to obey the law, particularly when doing so seems to conflict with social work values. In the end, such decisions constitute some of the most difficult ethical dilemmas in the profession. These are the dilemmas that generate intense disagreement among practitioners, dilemmas that require earnest collegial consultation and supervision, and reflection on the implications of the National Association of Social Workers Code of Ethics.