The Human Genome Project formally began in 1990.

Work in the United Kingdom focused initally on mapping the human genome but, in 1992, the Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council agreed to fund sequencing on a larger scale.

The sequencing of the human genome was expected to take 15 years, ending in 2005.


October 1, 2015 marked the 25th anniversary of the launch of the Human Genome Project. To commemorate this anniversary the NHGRI History of Genomics Program is hosting a seminar series entitled "A Quarter Century after the Human Genome Project's Launch: Lessons Beyond the Base Pairs."


Human Genome Project - Wikipedia

The Human Genome Project sequence will provide a reference sequence that will provide an outline of everyone's genome.

The Human Genome Project (HGP) was one of the great feats of exploration in history - an inward voyage of discovery rather than an outward exploration of the planet or the cosmos; an international research effort to sequence and map all of the genes - together known as the genome - of members of our species, Homo sapiens. Completed in April 2003, the HGP gave us the ability, for the first time, to read nature's complete genetic blueprint for building a human being.


American Gut Project - Human Food Project

The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a global scientific research program created to understand the hereditary instructions that make each of us unique. The HGP will create a vast resource of detailed scientific information about the structure, organization and function of . Scientists at the were the first to envision the project, in 1986, as a project to explore newly developing DNA analysis technologies. By 1988, the joined the project and a joint effort was formally announced in 1990, officially starting the Human Genome Project. The Department of Energy's Human Genome Program and the National Institutes of Health's National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) together coordinate the HGP. The HGP's original plan was a that would be completed in 2005. However, through rapid technological advances, worldwide efforts on the project have greatly accelerated changing the expected completion date to 2003 (making the project a 13-year endeavor). researchers, including institutions across nations (the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Japan and China) are involved with the HGP.

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The Human Genome Project has several goals, which include , , and genes, and data, and the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from availability of personal genetic information. is the construction of a series of chromosome descriptions that depict the position and spacing of genes, which are on the DNA of chromosomes. This means constructing . Besides determining the complete nucleotide sequence of human DNA, this includes locating the genes within the human genome. The HGP agenda also includes analyzing the genomes of several other organisms (including E. coli, the fruit fly, and the laboratory mouse) that are used extensively in research laboratories as model systems. Studying the genetic makeup of non-human organisms will help in understanding and deciphering the human genome. Although in recent months the leaders of the HGP announced that a “working draft” of the human Genome has been completed, the hope is to have a complete, error-free, final draft by 2003—coincidentally, the 50th anniversary of the discovery of DNA's molecular structure.