Geoffrey Chaucer is the most famous writer ..

1 Two stories that serve as excellent demonstrations of irony are "The Pardoners Tale" and " The Nun's Priest's Tale," both from Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales.

In addition, most of Chaucer's short poems explore notions from the romance culture.

From a contrasting point of view, readers see a group of men, including Chaucer as the writer himself, making fun of the very nature of women as a whole....

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All the best poems and histories in Latin, French, and Italian were well known to Chaucer.

The poet was probably born from eight to twelve years later, since in 1386, when giving evidence in Sir Richard le Scrope's suit against Sir Robert Grosvenor as to the right to bear certain arms, he was set down as "del age de xl ans et plus, armeez par xxvij ans." At a later date, and probably at the time of the poet's birth, his father lived in Thames Street, and had to wife a certain Agnes, niece of Hamo de Compton, whom we may regard as Geoffrey Chaucer's mother.

Brownlow Hill Workhouse | Hope Street Chronicles

Evidently, the post was by no means a sinecure, and although Chaucer was four times granted special licences to appoint deputies to carry out his duties, in each case it was only so that he might be freed for royal employment elsewhere. Towards the end of 1375 Chaucer benefited from Edward III’s patronage with the grant of two wardships: that of Edmund Staplegate, son of an important merchant of Canterbury, who was to claim the privilege of acting as butler at the coronation of Richard II by virtue of his tenancy of the manor of Bilsington (Kent), on the ground that he had purchased from Chaucer his marriage and the custody of his lands for £104; and that of William Soles, from which he may well have profited in a similar way. Another useful windfall came in July 1376 with an award of the sum of £71 4s.6d. accrued from the sale of certain wools forfeited to the Crown for evasion of customs duties. But Chaucer’s office, annuities and wardships were nothing out of the ordinary for one of Edward III’s esquires to receive as perquisites; indeed, other of his fellows were more highly favoured by the King.

English Folklore - Internet Sacred Text Archive

Built in 1671 following the Great Fire as a Livery Hall for the Vintners Company. Two swans decorate the entrance marking an ancient privilege granted by Edward lV in 1473 to the Vintners Company of owning swans on the river. William Chaucers father was a vintner and he himself appointed Richard IIIs Clerk of Works responsible for maintaining both Palaces at the Tower and Westminster as well as repairing the banks of the Thames between Woolwich and Greenwich, where at one time he had a house.

Telling tales: Chaucer and the law | Rechtsgeschiedenis …

Chaucer’s whereabouts at the time of the Peasants’ Revolt in June 1381, when the Essex rebels entered the City of London through Aldgate, beneath his own dwelling-place, are not known. The ensuing riots and murders found no mention in his poetry save in The Nun’s Priest’s Tale, in a comic climax to the account of the pursuit of the fox who has seized the cock:

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The above is an example of Middle English, the style Chaucer used to compose Canterbury Tales, spelled phonetically. It's significant because, up to this point, English wasn't recognized as a suitable "tongue" for literature--great works were written in Italian, French or Latin.