The French Connection – How the US Government …

Government of France - Wikipedia

Drafting a formal constitution proved much more of a challenge for the National Constituent Assembly, which had the added burden of functioning as a legislature during harsh economic times. For months, its members wrestled with fundamental questions about the shape and expanse of France’s new political landscape. For instance, who would be responsible for electing delegates? Would the clergy owe allegiance to the Roman Catholic Church or the French government? Perhaps most importantly, how much authority would the king, his public image further weakened after a failed attempt to flee in June 1791, retain? Adopted on September 3, 1791, France’s first written constitution echoed the more moderate voices in the Assembly, establishing a constitutional monarchy in which the king enjoyed royal veto power and the ability to appoint ministers. This compromise did not sit well with influential radicals like Maximilien de Robespierre (1758-1794), Camille Desmoulins (1760-1794) and Georges Danton (1759-1794), who began drumming up popular support for a more republican form of government and the trial of Louis XVI.

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The French Tech initiative was launched by the Government based on a certain philosophy – to capitalise on initiatives developed by French Tech members themselves and build on existing ideas to create a snowball effect.

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With the French Revolution began the institutionalization of secularized individualism in both social life and politics; individualism and rationality found expression in parliamentary government and written constitutionalism

University College, U of Toronto (architects Frederic W. and William G. Storm, 1856-59), picturesque in its variety of silhouettes, colours, textures and carved details, eclectic in its rich amalgam of Norman, Romanesque, Anglo-French and Venetian forms, epitomizes the flamboyance and strength of the high-Victorian Gothic style. The architects, aided by their amateur colleague Governor General Sir Edmund , drew inspiration from the work of the Irish firm of Deane and Woodward, especially the contemporary Oxford University Museum. The erection of this vast college building 1856-59 signalled the achievement of a major 19th-century aspiration for a nondenominational institution of higher learning supported by government.