ed.), Plato and Aristotle's Ethics

Foremost, to comprehend these images such as the “divided line” or Plato’s forms, one must be able to understand this allegory and all of its metaphors behind it....

Plato viewed realty as taking place in the mind but Aristotle viewed realty is tangible.
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In the dialogue, Meno holds that "some men desire evil and others good" and that those who desire evil either "suppose evil to be good" or "desire them, although they recognize them as evil." (Plato, 77c) Meno then goes on, despite Socrates incredulity, to say that some individuals desire evil, knowing that it brings harm, while others believe that evil will bring them advantage.


Aristotle and Plato were philosophers ..

Plato's later writings often modify or completely abandon the formal structure of dialogue.
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When he identifies the good in Book VI, which is reality and knowledge in their true forms, Plato also describes the visual world of shadows and false reality that people perceive and is cast by the sun.


Aristotle and plato virtue ethics

In addition to the physical body, which corresponds to the land, buildings, and other material resources of a city, Plato held that every human being includes three (Gk.

The ethical theories of plato and aristotle

If the virtues are voluntary, then the vices must also be voluntary, since it would be absurd "to make oneself responsible for noble acts but [external circumstances] responsible for base acts." (Aristotle, 1110b) But the particular circumstances in which responsibility applies to evil actions is still not entirely clear, for some destructive acts could still be regarded as involuntary, and hence moral responsibility would not be applicable.

of Socrates and Plato to put Aristotle into ..

Aristotle does not directly argue for the view that ignorance of universals is voluntary, and one could protest that Aristotle's position ignores the possibility that knowledge of the good and the virtues are acquired over a significant period of time and thus that an individual could be involuntarily ignorant of a universal.

and his immediate successors, Plato (427-347 B.C.) and Aristotle ..

In fact, Plato held that guardians should own no private property, should live and eat together at government expense, and should earn no salary greater than necessary to supply their most basic needs.