Wondering what makes a "responsible breeder"? Well I have my own opinion, but perhaps you will get a better idea if you look at some samples from the of various breed clubs. I think some are terrific, I think some are worthless, and there are a few that are so pitiful I would not include them at all. A Code of Ethics is a slippery concept. Try reading for some cautions. I also include links to sites that specifically discuss, or how to identify a . Below I will provide a description of the most important points of makes a responsible breeder.
We must wake up and understand what is happening around us. Genetic manipulation experiments are being conducted, right now, to develop the more precise methods of separating, altering and inserting genes which will enable the unrestricted manipulation of the genes of all living organisms, including humans. Scientists have already succeeded in cloning a human using a cows egg. (Herald Sun, Friday. June 18, 1999 Pg 3) Genetic modification is seen by some people as accelerated evolution which is controlled and guided by the genetic engineers. The geneticists are claiming that their alterations are for the benefit of all of humanity. In some cases this may indeed be their intention. But too often these changes appear to be for the benefit of the geneticists careers and for their wealthy employers. Even the farmers rarely benefit. As New Scientist says: "Most American farmers who have turned to genetically engineered crops seem to be getting yields no better than farmers who grow traditional varieties. They also appear to be using similar quantities of pesticides." (Kurt Kleiner, Field of Dreams, New Scientist, 10 July, 99, Pg 14) Third World nations are concerned that most gene tech companies are more interested in stealing their genetic material and patenting it for their own purposes than they are in helping them feed their populations. These concerns are well documented in Luke Andersons book .
Division of Genomics and Society
In addition, in the early days of genetic testing, the genetic concerns of Sephardi and Mizrahi Jews were not well understood and so there were no standard testing recommendations for individuals from those backgrounds. Nowadays, we know a lot more about these groups and there are many diseases for which testing is warranted in Sephardi and Mizrahi Jews.
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Dr. Amy Patterson defined human gene transfer, or gene therapy, and discussed the significant safety and ethical concerns in this area. These include concerns about modification of the human genome (i.e., vertical "germline" transmission), safety risks and controversial applications (such as enhancements). She suggested that the main concern in proceeding with this technology is genetic alteration of reproductive cells that change the genes transmitted to offspring. Will there be negative consequences for future generations if such gene transfer occurs? Patterson also articulated the difference between intentional and inadvertent gene transfer. A 2001 study found evidence for the distribution of vector DNA after gene transfer therapy in two male patients' sperm, which poses great concern. The Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (RAC) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is now working to respond to issues concerning protocols that involve inadvertent gene transfer. Through the RAC, NIH will explore scientific and ethical aspects of this research. She believes that inadvertent gene transfer falls into a policy "gray zone," because for the most part, policies are not developed regarding unintentional actions of scientists.
Moral and Ethical Issues in Gene Therapy
Because somatic gene therapy is directed at the body’s non-reproductive cells, it should only affect the genetic makeup of that one individual, and not be passed on to any children they may subsequently have. In contrast, any genetic changes in the reproductive cells - germline gene therapy - or changes made to the early embryo before the stage of differentiation into reproductive and non-reproductive cells, would affect all future offspring of that person. This makes an vital ethical distinction, affecting to major issues :
what is our duty in respect of future generations, their rights, choices, health, etc.?
could we ever know enough about the long term effects to judge that we could go ahead?
The Present Technical and Legal Situation