The Sugar Act also shifted the burden of proof to accused merchants, who had to demonstrate the legality of their trade under the Navigations Acts.
Guided by Prime Minister In order to cover about £60,000 of the £200,000 required to station troops in the colonies, George Grenville persuaded Parliament to pass a similar to one enacted and successfully administered in England in 1694.
Under the Act, colonists would be required to buy stamps from royal collectors and affix them to a wide variety of printed materials, including legal documents, playing cards, newspapers, and land titles.
The first attempt to extract more money out of the colonists was the Sugar Act in 1764. In fact, it reduced taxation on molasses imported to the colonies from the West Indies but severely punished anyone who tried to smuggle the syrup into America. This was considered unfair since fortunes had been made by making rum from smuggled molasses. It was ungentlemanly to enforce a law against smuggling.
England taxing the colonists led to an uprising
Rampant inflation ensued, and British merchants refused to accepted depreciated currency.
The balance of trade between England and the colonies tilted decisively in favor of the former as a direct consequence of the French and Indian War.
The Red, White and Blue | A Blog on the American …
Because the tax seemed "hidden" in this manner, colonists viewed the Tea Act as an underhanded way to foist the tax, and Parliamentary taxation power, onto the colonies.
Dalrymple lands in England | Fans of Theodore Dalrymple
Such economic burdens accentuated colonial resistance to British tax policies.
Thousands of British regular troops were stationed in Boston under General Gage, as (in contrast to 1765) Parliament contemplated a plan of military coercion.
Responding again to economic hardship and merchant petitions, the ministry under Lord North repealed the Townshend duties, reasoning that it was contrary to the principles of mercantilism for Britain to tax its manufactured exports to America.
New York to Pennsylvania 1664-1744 - Sanderson Beck
Trade became the primary model for colonial success, in Virginia and in the other colonies: because England was a mercantilist country, the colonies were founded with the purpose of providing raw materials for manufacture in England in order for England to have a positive balance of trade.
Why did the English government begin to directly tax …
In defiance of Governor Thomas Hutchinson and British tax authority in general, the intruders dumped the entire shipment into Boston Harbor, precipitating a crisis that would lead to revolution.
In response to the , Parliament passed a series of (dubbed by the Colonists) to reestablish British dominion over the insubordinate colonies.
The British Were Justified in Taxing Colonists Essay - …
Townshend also reorganized the Customs Service under the , creating a Board of American Customs Commissioners in Boston and four new vice-admiralty courts in Boston, Philadelphia, Charleston and Halifax.
During the Stamp Act debate, many colonial commentators, including Ben Franklin, had attempted to delineate the spheres of influence between Parliament and local legislatures by distinguishing "external" from "internal" taxation.