In 1894 E. P. Scott, C. P. Chisolm and J. A. Chisolm patented a mechanical pea sheller that did the work of 1,000 laborers. It made canned peas a staple of the American diet. Automated corn shuckers and mechanical tomato peelers sped these canned vegetables onto grocery shelves nationwide. By the 1890s a workman operating a machine could produce 1,500 cans each day, and canned food was inexpensive enough to be afforded by most middle class households.
By the beginning of the Victorian period a few homes had the luxury of a water pump right in the kitchen, but these were rare. Urban dwellers relied mostly on communal wells, several stories down and as much as a mile away. Rural families usually had their own well, but otherwise needed the same bucket brigade to get water into the kitchen.
The Technology of the Victorian Era was based on the time ..
Despite our focus on historical change, there are some abiding questions at the intersection of economics and anthropology. Is the economists’ aspiration to place human affairs on a rational footing an agenda worthy of anthropologists’ participation or just a bad dream? Since economics is a product of western civilization – and of the English-speaking peoples in particular – is any claim to universality bound to be ethnocentric? If capitalism is an economic configuration of recent origin, could markets and money be said to be human universals? Can markets be made more effectively democratic, with the unequal voting power of big money somehow neutralized? Can private and public interests be reconciled in economic organization or will the individualism of homo economicus inevitably prevail? Should the economy be isolated as an object of study or is it better to stress how economic relations are embedded in society and culture in general?
How the economy REALLY works - Tim Morgan ..
The story of "The Bourgeois Era" (the trilogy of which this is the first volume) is of the rise of a prudential rhetoric in the Netherlands and England in the 17th century, its triumph in the Scottish Enlightenment and American colonial thought in the 18th...
ENERGY ECONOMICS AND THE FAILURE OF THE CONVENTIONAL
The Victorian Age was also the period in which single use rooms became the norm in American homes. In prior periods, houses were generally small with just a few rooms. Most rooms had multiple uses. During the day a room could be a combination gathering room, dining room, and kitchen; at night a dormitory. The kitchen fireplace was often the only source of heat in the house, so cozying up to the fireplace kept the occupants warm at night. In many cultures, this is still the dominant arrangement. Rooms in traditional Japanese houses, for example, are designed with multiple uses in mind.
Victorian Giving | Philanthrocapitalism
But, during the Victorian Age, houses began to be planned with rooms dedicated to a single purpose. Bedrooms were bedrooms and identified as such in house plans. They had no other function. Dining rooms were for eating, and when no dining was going on, they would be empty. Dedicated kitchens became common. The combination kitchen-dining-gathering room disappeared, at least until the 1970s when farm kitchens that re-combined meal preparation and dining began to reappear in plans for contemporary American houses.