It shows county boundaries, unidentified Indian bo...

But "when they all got there and found out the real news, just one word" had those to men going home dead with their boots on. On they went to the next house and repeated their actions, and the whites over the south shore of Burt Lake were wondering at so many buildings a blaze, all inside of two hours time. "When they came to the church" their heart failed them, and it alone, stood there surrounded with the burning of the poor Indians homes, while tears and curses flowed freely from the afflicted one. After those men done there work, they drove home satisfied of the job and proved to the world that the White Man turned savage, Michigan's last tilt" with Indians.

: Fact sheets about Native Americans in general and specific Native American tribes

One nineteenth century Iowan wrote that in the fall, people slept "with one eye open" until the first snow fell, indicating that the threat of fire had passed.


This is a map of the Seminole Indian Reserve lands, circa 1834.

- The first Americans; historical background on the First Americans -- Native American Culturesy

Pete-Na-Wan, a chief, had a girl six years old who had consumption. She came every day for a long time to see grandmother, who would prepare little delicacies for her. Even after she could not sit up, the Indian would bring her in his arms and let her stay thee as long as she liked. I have often heard her speak of their great affection for this child, and how tender and gentle they were with her. Failing to come for several days, she decided one Sunday afternoon to go over to the village. Grandmother said, I told "father" I was afraid Pete-Na-Wan's girl was worse, and we had better go over and see. When we reached the place we found them way off by themselves with the girl in a sort of hammock. He came to us, saying: "Pappoose plenty sick, going to Great Spirit." The squaw sat there crying bitterly. The next morning just at daybreak, I heard some one come in and sit down by the fire. I said: "Hughes, I guess Pete-Na-Wan's girl is dead. I think he is out there." Sure enough, there he sat; would not speak, but marked on the floor, with a stick he had, the shape of a coffin; finally said: "Fix 'em pappoose like Che-mo-ko-man's pappoose." So father went out and nailed together a rough box, and the Indian took it under his arm and disappeared." (5-6)


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: Links to American Indians web sites, official web sites of Native American Nations of Canada, the United States, Central America, and the Caribbean. Links to native Art, Culture, History, Institutions, Maps, Flags, Education, and News.

Native Americans Interactive Scavenger Hunt

*One of the saddest events in Native American history is when, in 1838, the Cherokee Indians were forced to move to Oklahoma. The march was called the "". Thousands of Cherokee died due to the cold weather and diseases.

Native Americans in the United States - Wikipedia

Taken together, this group of documents tells a complex story about early contact between Native Americans and whites. It was often charged with tension and emotion, but also had moments of friendship, cooperation, and even intimacy. Regardless, though, contact had distinct consequences for people on both sides, and profound affects on both native and white cultures that still affect Michigan history.

the last great ice sheet still covers much of the north

For the next three months, the Illinois militia pursued Black Hawk and his band of approximately 400 Indians northward along the eastern side of the Mississippi River.

From Colonies to Revolution - Teacher Oz

Native Americans formed perceptions of white settlers, too, but their historical records are harder to locate. Many Natives called the white man the "great White Father," denoting respect for white settlers. High conversion rates also suggest that Christianity had something to offer Native Americans, and high intermarriage rates indicate that some Native Americans formed intimate ties with whites. One essay, however, written by one Native American, Andrew J. Blackbird in 1897, found that white settlers introduced some immoralities into the tribes. He wrote in his book,