The evolution of music: How genres rise and fall over …

Emotions are a fundamental feature of human psychology. Theyare found in all cultures, and arguably, in all mammals. Indeed,we seem to share many emotions with other animals. Dogs, forexample, show signs of fear (they cower), sadness (they cry), anddelight (they wag their tails giddily). This suggests thatemotions are evolved responses. There is a good explanation forwhy emotions would be selected for: they help us cope with challengesthat have a tremendous impact on life and well-being. Fear protectsus from dangers, sadness motivates us to withdraw when resources or kinare lost, and joy registers accomplishments and motivates us to take onnew challenges. Thus, it seems highly likely that emotions arepart of human nature. But emotions can also be influenced bynurture. Some researchers even suggest that emotions can besocially constructed—they say some emotions come into existencethrough social learning. The thesis is controversial, of course,but the claim that culture has an impact on emotional states is hard todeny (for a review, see Mesquita and Frijda, 1992).

This volume is an accessible overview of contemporary cultural evolution theory and research.

And at the time thiscultural evolution occurred, the Quebec cultural affairs minister woretrousers (though his belt may have dropped to the level of his ankles).

triggered the most important evolution in American pop music over ..

Cultural Evolution was published in the Society of Primitive Technology's , Issue #38, Fall 2009.

At this time the Austrian capital of Vienna became the musical center of Europe, and works of the period are often referred to as being in the Viennese style. Composers came from all over Europe to train in and around Vienna, and gradually they developed and formalized the standard musical forms that were to predominate European musical culture for the next several decades. A reform of the extravagance of Baroque opera was undertaken by . Johann Stamitz contributed greatly to the growth of the orchestra and developed the idea of the orchestral . The Classical period reached its majestic culmination with the masterful symphonies, sonatas, and string quartets by the three great composers of the Viennese school: , , and . During the same period, the first voice of the burgeoning Romantic musical ethic can be found in the music of Viennese composer .

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Mesoudi, A., A. Whiten, and K. N. Laland. 2006. Towards a unified science of cultural evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29:329–383.

Black British music’s journey of creative independence

Music has evolved slowly within many different cultures over thousands of years. It’s growth has always been dependent upon cultural expansion, innovation, and societal acceptance or rejection. With the growth of the “music industry” in the recently industrialized and increasingly globalized human societies, there has been a shift in the sub-currents which guide musical expansion, growth and innovation.

Hip-Hop Evolution | Netflix Official Site

The modern “music industry” has spawned many conventions which, in turn, lead to new, progressive conventions or anti-conventions. Eventually, through various processes of cultural rejection and acceptance, anti-conventions become conventions which spawn new anti-conventions… and so the cycle repeats.

Cultural Affairs | Miramar, FL - Official Website

One can sense what daily life might have been like in a primitive culture from a single paragraph out of thousands of examples, somewhat condensed here, "Esquimaux boys are forbidden to play cat's cradle, because if they did so, their fingers might in later life become entangled in the harpoon-line.