Gar Alperovitz on The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb.

However, did this explanation really justify the use of the atomic bombs? Right before the atomic bombs were dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the U.S. had conducted indiscriminate bombings on more than 200 Japanese cities, and it had already claimed the lives of 330,000 civilians, even though Japan had already communicated via the Soviet Union its intention to surrender and the end of war was just a matter of time. Even U.S. Generals MacArthur and Eisenhower opposed the idea of using the atomic bombs, and they claimed there was no military benefit.

Einstein did not speak publicly on the atomic bombing of Japan until a year afterward.

The liberation movements for blacks and women occurred in the 1960s, which was after I exploded the atomic bombs. From the perspective of those prejudicial times, it’d be true to admit that I didn’t see the Japanese in any regard as similar to us.

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- There was that side of it, but even so, I can’t imagine that you could justify the slaughter of around 350,000 Japanese in two bombings. I wonder whether your racist views influenced your use of the nuclear weapons.

Why the United States Dropped Atomic Bombs in 1945 - TIME

A concentrated air attack on the essential lines of transportation, including railroads and (through the use of the earliest accurately targetable glide bombs, then emerging from development) the Kammon tunnels which connected Honshu with Kyushu, would isolate the Japanese home islands from one another and fragment the enemy's base of operations.

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of the Navy James Forrestal before the atomic bombing of Hiroshima:"I proposed to Secretary Forrestal that the weapon should be demonstrated before it was used.

Exotic Weapons - Atomic Rockets

Strategic Bombing Survey group, assigned by President Truman to study the air attacks on Japan, produced a report in July of 1946 that was primarily written by Nitze and reflected his reasoning:"Based on a detailed investigation of all the facts and supported by the testimony of the surviving Japanese leaders involved, it is the Survey's opinion that certainly prior to 31 December 1945 and in all probability prior to 1 November 1945, Japan would have surrendered even if the atomic bombs had not been dropped, even if Russia had not entered the war, and even if no invasion had been planned or contemplated." quoted in Barton Bernstein, , pg.

In 1944, American scientists raced to finish the atomic bomb

But were the atomic bombings necessary to save Allied lives and end Japan's threat to world peace while avoiding a deadly invasion of the Japanese mainland?

Why the United States Dropped Atomic Bombs in 1945 - Time

And that suggestion of [giving] a warning [of the atomic bomb] was a face-saving proposition for them, and one that they could have readily accepted." He continued, "In my opinion, the Japanese war was really won before we ever used the atom bomb.