A new study by and suggests that different rates of gender non-conformity may actually be the reason for differences in and between heterosexual and LGB youth. That is, while many researchers have documented worse mental health and well-being among sexual minorities compared to heterosexuals, Rieger and Savin-Williams have found that this difference is at least partly due to differences in gender non-conformity; even among heterosexuals, gender non-conformity is associated with worse mental health, likely due to teasing and harassment from peers and family. As other scholars have , it may be the case that prejudice and discrimination against LGB people is more about enforcing strict gender norms than it is about sex and sexuality.
Typically, when attempting to answer such a question, we jump to focus on gender non-conformity, while taking gender conformity as a given. Gender conformity can be defined most simply as behavior and appearance that conforms to the social expectations for one’s gender. So, for gender conforming women, this means behaving and appearing in ways that are considered feminine. Gender non-conformity, then, is behaving and appearing in ways that are considered atypical for one’s gender.
Investigation into Whether Gender Affects Conformity
This is conformable with the apparent philosophy of enforcement of the "Americans with Disabilities Act" (the ADA), by which the "reasonable accommodation" language of the Act (which already violates the prohibition by the of taking "private property for public use without just compensation") has come to be interpreted by the EEOC as "spare no expense." In these terms, the takeover by "gender" of the whole sex/gender semantic spectrum may be perfectly consistent with the evolving goal of feminism, which is to erase through political action, by any means necessary, any differences whatsoever between men and women, even physical ones.
Gatekeepers say gender-neutral pronouns pose ‘deadly danger ..
To give an example, think about the way women were expected to dress 60 years ago compared to today. Women are freer to wear pants, blazers, flat shoes, even ties and dress shirts. (Of course, we must be mindful that the same loosening of gendered clothing expectations have not occurred as extensively for men.) While it is uncommon for men to hold hands and kiss in many Western countries, including the US, it is somewhat in other parts of the world (e.g., Egypt). So, in recognizing the importance of understanding what gender conformity and nonconformity are, we must acknowledge that such concepts are not universally defined nor naturally occurring.
It is enough to know about 100 words to survive in a foreign country.
While it is critical that we better understand the role gender non-conformity plays in society, it is important that we understand what this concept means. As many , like myself, emphasize, we must understand that this concept is not naturally occurring, rather, it is defined (and redefined) by society. And, as something that is or defined, its meaning and significance across time, space, and even groups.
Essay: Defying Gender in Mrs Dalloway
Similar to the way in which gender is treated as synonymous with (biological) sex, so, too, is sexual orientation with . Gender nonconforming people are often assumed to also be lesbian, gay, or bisexual, while gender conforming people are assumed to be heterosexual. (Some scholars call this , meaning that everyone is assumed to be heterosexual unless something, like gender non-conformity, makes one think otherwise.) Indeed, gender expectations are intertwined with attitudes about sexual orientation; for example, boys who fail to live up to the societal standards of masculinity may be teased and harassed, even called a or some other pejorative term that questions his heterosexuality.
Happy Publication Birthday, Mrs Dalloway
However, where racists may be reasonably said to have erred in seeing significant genetic differences between human races, there are real continuing questions, and steadily mounting evidence, about whether human sexual differences of behavior and psychology have a genetic basis.