French And English Relations In ..

France spent large sums of money for the annual distribution of the "King's presents" to allied nations. In addition, the Crown issued clothing, weapons and ammunition to Aboriginal auxiliaries, paid for their services, and maintained their families when the men were on active duty. These warriors were judged invaluable for guiding, scouting and surprise raiding parties. Their war practices, including scalping and platform torture, were not interfered with as they generally fought alongside the French as independent auxiliaries. The , as France’s allies were known, were not forgotten by the French as the British conquest loomed large. In defeat, the French obtained favourable terms of capitulation, that their allies be treated as soldiers under arms, and that they "be maintained in the Lands they inhabit," enjoy freedom of religion and keep their missionaries. These terms were further reiterated in the Treaty of Oswegatchie, negotiated by , at Fort Lévis (near present-day Ogdensburg, New York), on 30 August 1760, and reaffirmed at Kahnawake on 15–16 September 1760.

 For an exploration of Aboriginal relations after the fall of the French regime, see

He traces its evolution from the early formation of a francophone pressure group, through the airline pilots' strike in June 1976 in support of the controllers, to the agreement between the pilots' and controllers' unions and the Minister of Transport which the French Canadians saw as a humiliating defeat, and to the eventual acknowledgement by the Clark government in August 1979 that bilingual air traffic control was safe.

Borins discusses the implications of these events for public policy and French-English relations and concludes that the federal government's ability in this case to meet francophone demands quite rapidly is cause for optimism about the ability of the federal state to accommodate francophone aspirations.


French And English Canada History Essay

Jaenen, Cornelius J..

By the early 17th century, as the expanded, a new policy of pacification emerged. The French chose to settle along the marshlands and the from which the original had gone by 1580 — causes for the “disappearance” of the St. Lawrence Iroquoians have long been debated, with explanations ranging from warfare and epidemics to simple migration or long-cycle crop rotation. At the time, the French believed no Aboriginal peoples were displaced to make way for settlers. This gave the impression of peaceful cohabitation with certain Aboriginal peoples, and remained characteristic of Aboriginal-


Background Religious aspects of the conflict

Cornelius J. Jaenen "Indigenous-French Relations" The Canadian Encyclopedia. Eds. Siomonn Pulla, Dominique Millette, Zach Parrott. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2007. Web. 6 Mar. 2018.

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON CONFLICT OF …

The original instrument of this Convention, the English, French, Portuguese and Spanish texts of which are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States, which shall forward an authenticated copy of its text to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and publication in accordance with Article 102 of its Charter. The General Secretariat of the Organization of American States shall notify the Member States of that Organization and the States that have acceded to the Convention of the signatures, deposits of instruments of ratification, accession and denunciation as well as of reservations, if any. It shall also transmit the declarations provided for in Articles 2, 20, and 27 of this Convention.

Arab–Israeli conflict; The key parties in the Arab–Israeli conflict

The escalation of tensions between the French and English over control of the fur trade in North America led to the signing of the in 1713. Under the terms of the treaty, France retained access to , the St. Lawrence Islands and fishing rights off but ceded Acadia to the British and recognized British jurisdiction over the northern territory of and the island of Newfoundland. The , and Passamaquoddy, considered themselves to be friends and allies and not subjects of the French Crown, as well as the rightful owners of the territory ceded to the British Crown. The lack of consultation regarding the terms of the treaty, and the lack of compensation provided to the Mi'kmaq, and Passamaquoddy upset them greatly.