The Old Testament Prophets' Self Understanding of …

The tabernacle also points to Christ's redemptive work. The holy writer to the Hebrews tells us, “But Christ came as a High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation. Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all having obtained eternal redemption” (Hebrews 9:11-12). The Old Testament sacrifices were an effective means of atoning for sin only through the fulfillment accomplished by Christ's perfect sacrifice at Calvary. At Calvary Christ was the victim, high priest, and mercy seat all in one. Here He sacrificed Himself on the altar of the cross and poured out His holy precious blood, sprinkling the mercy seat of God as the blood of goats and calves before Him. Through the pouring out of His blood, He covered the sins of all men. He blotted them out so that they are no longer seen or counted.

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Typological prophecy properly understood is God's divine revelation just as certainly as directly Messianic prophecy. In the former God causes persons, events, and institutions in the Old Testament to be foreshadowings or prototypes of persons, events, and other things in the New Testament. In the latter the text functions only or mainly as a prediction of future events. It points directly to Christ and His redemptive work as the one and only fulfillment of a particular prophecy. But in both cases it is the Lord Himself who points to New Testament fulfillment.


5. Old Testament Books of Prophets (17 Books) | Bible …

Hebrew prophets in Old Testament were holy men of God who spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.

According to Jesus, a true and responsible reading of the Old Testament would produce the kind of people that are sensitive to the hurts and needs of others; people who are actively committed to making society a better place.


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The prophets predict a new and greater Exodus and a new creation. In addition to this, the Old Testament speaks of a new and greater David (Isaiah 9:1-7, 55:3-4), a Prophet like Moses only greater (Deuteronomy 18:18), a new Melchizedek (Psalm 110), and a new temple (Ezekiel 40-48). All these Old Testament themes are fulfilled in Christ our Prophet, Priest, and King, and in His body, the church.

This tradition has a long history and was not questioned until 1712

But why should any of us be concerned with yet another angry rant from a skeptic? Well, because he represents widely held sentiments and attitudes shared by ordinary people I regularly encounter. These people are suspicious of anything that stems from ‘the old book’. Sadly, some have come to view the Old Testament as an appalling record of barbarism. It’s a favorite target for ridicule. Even some Christians find it embarrassing.

Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream in Daniel ..

Our Lutheran Confessions acknowledge a proper typological use of Holy Scripture. In a discussion of biblical sacrifice and its relationship to the Mass, the defines scriptural types. “The Old Testament has pictures or shadows of what was to come; thus this depicted Christ and the whole worship of the New Testament . . . Therefore, as we discern the shadow in the Old Testament, so in the New we should look for what it represents and not for another symbol . . .” 16 While only those types positively identified in the New Testament are absolutely certain, yet the implies that biblical typology extends much further than these specific citations. These probable types are a further illustration of the unity of the Testaments. This understanding and use of typology espoused in the Confessions is commonly found in the Lutheran dogmaticians like Gerhard. 17

APOSTLES AND PROPHETS TODAY - Let Us Reason

A true and responsible reading of the Old Testament would produce the kind of people that are sensitive to the hurts and needs of others; people who are actively committed to making society a better place.